PSYCH 650 Assignment 2 Research-Based Interventions on Mood Disorders

PSYCH 650 Assignment 2 Research-Based Interventions on Mood Disorders

Research-Based Interventions on Mood Disorders

Mood diseases have been a joint discussion among experimenters and psychologists throughout the last several decades. The importance of exploration has sought to give sapience into factors that impact the development of different mood diseases, as well as the effectiveness of different styles of treatment. The following will bandy exploration-grounded interventions to treat psychopathology, estimate peer-reviewed exploration studies that have handed sapience into treating bipolar complaints, and conceptualize the criticism from a realistic perspective. The discussion will also include the treatments and interventions that have shown effectiveness and treating the complaint and the explanation behind this effectiveness.

Overview of Bipolar complaint

The bipolar complaint is characterized by ages of extreme depression which cycle with periods of hypomania( Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2014). The complaint is generally attributed to chemical imbalances in the brain that contribute to these extreme highs and lows. These occurrences are characterized by their frequency and destructive capability over an existent’s life due to the rebellious nature of these occurrences( Bipolar Complaint Shifting mood swings, 2002). The complaint has four variants: Bipolar complaint I, Bipolar complaint II, Cyclothymic complaint, and other specified bipolar and related diseases( Goldstein, Birmaher, & Youngstrom, 2020). BPD- I am diagnoseable if an individual has endured at least one manic occasion. BPD- II is characterized by at least one circumstance of a depressive experience and at least one hypomanic experience. The cyclothymic complaint is characterized by an individual passing at least a one-time cycle of extreme depressive and manic occurrences. Eventually, other specified bipolar and affiliated diseases are identifiable when some symptoms are present but aren’t sufficient to diagnose BPD- I, BPD- II, or Cyclothymic complaint( Goldstein, Birmaher, & Youngstrom, 2020).

Estimate of Peer-Reviewed Research

A case series study completed by Khan, Bajwa, and Akhtar in 2019 addressed the use of lithium in the stabilization of symptoms of BPD and to determine the points when the administration of the drug reached an optimum remedial position in an existent’s body by carrying blood analysis at different points after the medicine administration. The experimenters employed a convenience slice system of 100 cases, aged 21 to 53, from an original sanitarium diagnosed with BPD. Of the 100 instances chosen, only 81 were shared in the study. Of the 19 who did not, some declined to share, and others, who had preliminarily agreed to share, didn’t attend the study on the predetermined date. No control groups or repeated measures were used in this study. The authors concluded that 24 hours after administering the Lithium cure is the optimal length of time for determining the remedial effectiveness of an existent’s position of lithium in the body( Khan, Bajwa, & Akhtar, 2019).

PSYCH 650 Assignment 2 Research-Based Interventions on Mood Disorders

A longitudinal study was completed to assess the tolerability of antidepressants in adolescents at threat of developing bipolar complaints. The study used interviews to evaluate factors in adolescents with antidepressant exposure and their parents to address fresh factors that impacted the durability or termination of specifics( Strawn et al., 2014). The sample included 118 youth aged 9 to 20 with at least one parent diagnosed with bipolar complaint I. The interview was administered multiple times over 43 to 227 weeks to assess factors that impacted the termination of antidepressant specifics. No groups were assigned, and no remedial interventions were administered. The experimenters determined a negative correlation between an adolescent’s age and the experience of adverse events resulting from taking prescribed antidepressants( Strawn et al., 2014). In youngish cases, further damaging side goods were present than in aged cases, frequently leading to the termination of antidepressant specifics.

A primary study on the access of pregnant women to drug remedies for bipolar complaint was completed by completing a qualitative study which involved an in-depth interview of women who met the criteria for bipolar I complaints, as well as scoring primarily on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression scale( Byatt et al., 2018). The sample of 25 actors was signed from cases at obstetric practices ranging from 12 weeks gravidity to 24 months postpartum. This study didn’t include remedial interventions, repeated measures, medicine curatives, or control versus experimental groups. This study was designed to give sapience into the sickie pharmacotherapy available to pregnant women and the impact of a lack of this vacuity on their internal health. Numerous croakers treating women during gestation refused to define drug remedies and discontinue psychotropic specifics on the morning of gestation(Byatt et al., 2018). This was attributed to possible side effects of the developing fetuses and a lack of understanding by medical professionals about the internal health requirements of their pregnant cases. The study also noted a significant lack of vacuity of psychiatric providers treating pregnant patients in some regions.

Conceptualization of Bipolar complaint from a Biological Perspective and Generally specified Treatments

From a realistic perspective, psychopathology results from the endocrine system, the central nervous system, or the autonomic nervous system, which can result from either genetics or the presence of a pathogen(Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2014). There are four different implicit explanations for psychopathology from the natural standpoint abnormalities in the development of hormones or neurotransmitters, individual disposition, inheritable irregularities, or dysfunctions in the brain as a result of traumatic injury( Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2014).

PSYCH 650 Assignment 2 Research-Based Interventions on Mood Disorders

Typical treatments for BPD are drug grounded. Utmost of the specified specifics for this complaint is Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Impediments( SNRIs) and picky Serotonin Reuptake Impediments( SSRIs), which are also generally known as antipsychotic specifics( Anderson, 2017). These specifics are also commonly used to treat diseases like depression and anxiety. From a realistic perspective, these treatments are frequently effective; still, because there’s a way to determine the exact cause of the complaint, antipsychotic specifics are generally specified using the trial-and-error system.

Natural factors vary extensively between individualities, making it insolvable for professionals to determine the most effective drug. Defining psychiatrists administer specifics according to the symptomatology of the cases and should be aware of potentially dangerous side goods to communicate effectively with their points. Facts must be mindful of their responses to specified specifics and share the effectiveness of the specifics and side goods with their providers. Unfortunately, the list of treatments for BPD is short, and more exploration is demanded to determine indispensable forms of remedy for cases who witness treatment-resistant forms of BPD( Hidalgo- Mazzei et al.).


Bipolar diseases are frequently destructive forces in the lives of individuals who witness them. They’re generally diagnosed by behavioral patterns of cycling, manic and depressive phases. They’re often treated with drug curatives and may bear an individual to try several different specifics and tablets to determine which is most suited for their requirements. The treatment of these individualities may also be impacted by various other factors, including limited knowledge on the part of the defining croaker, issues girding gestation, treatment-resistant forms of the condition, and environmental factors. Experimenters should continue exploring fresh options for treatment by considering artistic and situational factors.


Anderson, S. E. (2017). Using Marijuana as My Antidepressant and Now I Feel Better: A Call for More Research into the Viability of Marijuana as Treatment for Depression, Anxiety, and Bipolar Disorder. Oklahoma City University Law Review42(3), 335–365.

Bipolar disorder: Shifting mood swings [Video file]. (2002). Retrieved February 29, 2020, from

Butcher, J.N., Hooley, J.M., & Mineka, S. (2014). Abnormal psychology (16th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

Byatt, N., Cox, L., Moore Simas, T. A., Biebel, K., Sankaran, P., Swartz, H. A., & Weinreb, L. (2018). Access to Pharmacotherapy Amongst Women with Bipolar Disorder during 

Pregnancy: A Preliminary Study. Psychiatric Quarterly89(1), 183–190.

Goldstein, B. I., Birmaher, B., & Youngstrom, E. A. (2020). Diagnostic and Treatment 

Challenges in Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents. Psychiatric Times37(1), 5– 7.

Hidalgo-Mazzei, D., Berk, M., Cipriani, A., Cleare, A. J., Florio, A. D., Dietch, D., . . . Stokes, P. R. A. (2019). Treatment-resistant and multi-therapy-resistant criteria for bipolar depression: A consensus definition. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 214(1), 27-35. doi:

Khan, S. A., Bajwa, A. A., & Akhtar, F. (2019). Assessing Lithium Levels After Once Daily Dosage in Patients of Bipolar Affective Disorder in a Clinical Setup. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal69(2), 351–355.

Strawn, J. R., Adler, C. M., McNamara, R. K., Welge, J. A., Bitter, S. M., Mills, N. P., Barzman, D. H., Cerullo, M. A., Chang, K. D., Strakowski, S. M., & DelBello, M. P. (2014). Antidepressant tolerability in anxious and depressed youth at high risk for bipolar disorder: a prospective naturalistic treatment study. Bipolar Disorders16(5), 523–530.

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