PSY 402 Topic 3 Memory Strategies

PSY 402 Topic 3 Memory Strategies

Memory Strategies

Memory is employed constantly in day-to-day life, whether it’s retelling stories about one’s nonage or trying to recall information for a quiz. Memory strategies are tactics used to help people remember and reacquire information. Memory is defined as the continuity of literacy that allows it to be exposed latterly (Gazzaniga et al., 2018). For Example, flashing back effects like directions, cuisine, recalling affable guests, or retaining test questions is veritably pivotal. One of the most common regular circumstances is when a person has a set thing in mind as they walk into a room and, within seconds, forgets what the purpose for them is. Their circumstances of this size generally suggest that the existent has weak memory and will need to borrow memory styles.

Again, there’s the feeling of deja vu where one has the feeling that the event has been lived through formerly. This may affect the individual employing many colorful established guidelines that will be essential for creating a lesser position of information recollection (Unsworth, 2016). Perfecting one’s memory, as well as expanding knowledge and experience, allows for individualities to maintain an active mind. Flashing back previous information and snappily applying them will be salutary in dealing with the obstacles. In this donation, we will look at cognitive mapping and mnemonics.

Cognitive Mapping

The creation of internal representation through spatial connections that permits navigation across a terrain deduced through factual gests is appertained to as cognitive mapping (Epstein et al., 2017). In other words, this is employed to produce visual representations of a person’s internal model. The brain employs cognitive mapping to dissect, store, and render information, which is also penetrated latterly as demanded. The hippocampus is the portion of the brain that is in charge of cognitive mapping. The expression” cognitive chart” was originally established and described by psychologist Behaviorist Edward Tolman as an internal representation or image of an external environmental element or corner (Jensen, 2006).

PSY 402 Topic 3 Memory Strategies

Cognitive mapping is generally employed in the cognitive process, which includes logic, recalling, assessing, and problem-working. Still, defying these problems suggests that people have a comprehensive understanding of their terrain and will be suitable to make other choices in the future. As a result, the survival of species similar to humans is rested on cognitive mapping, which acts as a design for all girding difficulties. Humans have served from cognitive charts as one of the major memory styles throughout the last decade. The benefits of the cognitive mapping operation in every day potentially help individuals to be better successors.

Individualities must be apprehensive of the terrain and its current status, as well as comprehend their surroundings’ decor and features. Individualities’ minds have cognitive mapping engrained in them, allowing them to go from one area to another without difficulty. Cognitive mapping is a useful compass that helps us get to our destinations. Giving us recall of exact instructions, distance estimates, and certain roads to avoid so we do not get lost. It might be delicate to navigate if you do not know where you are going.

Sensitive Memory

Sensitive memory permits people to mentally duplicate perceptual, motor, and emotional gests, performing in internal representations (Barbel et al., 2009). The internal representation is a definition of anything that exists in the existent’s mind. Mental imagery is regarded to be vital in the process of memory conformation. Still, not everyone is able to use internal images; when this doesn’t do, it’s appertained to as Aphantasia, a miracle in which people are unfit to fantasize imagery. Mental imaging serves a multitude of purposes in one’s internal process, including the capability to relive one event and anticipate the future.

PSY 402 Topic 3 Memory Strategies

Sound, smell, and sight are vital when forming recollections that are touched off by the sense that helps with recall. Experimenters discovered that the process of developing and operating internal filmland involves the dissipation of multitudinous locales inside the brain. Professional athletes will constantly use this when training for forthcoming competitions; they set pretensions and, in some cases, fantasize about the challengers when training. The senses endured similarly as the sounds of people cheering and the smell of the lawn or track help establish the mindset to concentrate on the pretensions in front of them.

The Cons of Cognitive Memory

When used as a memory system, cognitive mapping has several advantages. One salutary aspect of this is that it enables people to break down delicate problems and give clarity to colorful sundries. This strategy is also used to prop persons who use it in organizing, communicating, and flashing back information. These are all precious advantages to have since pupils bear all of them to be successful in the classroom. Another advantage of cognitive mapping is that it expands our knowledge and appreciation of a certain content or subject.

This is significant because it helps pupils to have a better appreciation of the subject they’re literacy, which can prop recall and increase memory. Individualities can use cognitive mapping to gain a better knowledge of ideas they do not comprehend by agitating and establishing common ground (Epstein et al., 2017). People that employ this kind of memory system won’t only be suitable to cut new material, but they will also be suitable to learn and retain knowledge.

The Cons of Sensitive Memory

PSY 402 Topic 3 Memory Strategies

When it comes to engaging in tasks and generating recollections, internal imagery is extremely important. Mental imagery is employed in a number of surrounds, including education and sports. Mental imagery has been shown to ameliorate athletic performance in a variety of sports. Individuals may feel and fantasize about the work they’re performing when they use internal imagery (Gazzaniga et., 2018). This memory system is salutary for both boosting memory and reducing anxiety.

Another advantage of internal imaging is that it allows people to deal with any difficulties they’re passing. Being suitable to deal with obstacles creates a sense of success since it means that the unwelcome circumstance has been dealt with. Mental imaging has multitudinous salutary impacts; nevertheless, it’s critical to be suitable to induce similar salutary internal images. Positive internal imagery may be created by relating an end thing, laying down conduct to negotiate that ideal, and employing sensitive imagery similar to hail, seeing, and smell.


Anyhow of which strategy is chosen, there’s benefit in each bone as they help nurture one’s memory capabilities. Memory styles grounded on cognitive mapping and sensitive memory were examined in this work. It’s critical to have a deeper grasp of learning styles and which one or blend of them works best. There are several ways that may be employed to help a person with memory and knowledge retention. Cognitive mapping is incredibly important in aiding someone to learn more effectively through the use of mapping.

PSY 402 Topic 3 Memory Strategies

Because it incorporates all of the different literacy types, conception mapping is particularly effective for the utmost literacy styles. Although sensitive memory is a veritably broad gift to acquire, individualities will gain a more immersive form of memory. Chancing out which memory strategy styles work stylishly for each individual helps organize one’s retention and progress and makes we’re suitable to identify if there are any necessary variations.


Barbel, K., Roseman, M., Johnson, P., & Lillian, H.( 2009). Using internal imagery to enhance the effectiveness of perpetration intentions.


Epstein,R.A., Patai,E.Z., Julian,J.B., & Spiers,H.J.( 2017). The cognitive chart in humans spatial navigation and beyond. Nature Neuroscience, 20( 11), 1504 – 1513.


Gazzaniga,M., Ivry,R., & Mangun,G.( 2018). Cognitive Neuroscience The biology of the mind (5th ed.). New York, NY Norton. ISBN- 13978039360 3170

JensenR.( 2006). Behaviorism, idle literacy, and cognitive charts demanded variations in introductory psychology handbooks. The Behavior Critic, 29( 2), 187 – 209.


UnsworthN.( 2016). Working memory capacity and recall from long-term memory Examining the influences of garbling strategies, study time allocation, hunt effectiveness, and covering capacities. Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition, 42( 1), 50 – 61.


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