PSY 310 Topic 3 Criminological Theories

PSY 310 Topic 3 Criminological Theories

Criminological Propositions

Propositions that help in explaining why a person might commit a crime at some point in their life are known as criminological propositions. The psychodynamic proposition, cognitive proposition, and behavioral proposition are the three main propositions. Although these propositions are primarily used to explain why felonious guests occur, they’re also used to identify felonious threat factors and, indeed, to explain why specific laws are made and upheld (Aas, 2012, pp. 15- 16). Psychodynamic proposition concentrates on a person’s early life; cognitive proposition concentrates on a person’s perception and how that can increase their liability of committing a crime, and behavioral proposition concentrates on how actions can increase a person’s liability of committing a crime.

Psychodynamic Propositions

The conflict that arises between the id, pride, and superego, which are developed throughout early life in nonage, serves as the foundation for the psychodynamic proposition. Everyone, according to Freud, has moral and ethical norms, or super pride, as well as spontaneous drives that demand satisfaction, or the id. Super pride is used to control these urges, and latterly the pride develops a logical personality that acts as a middleman between the id and superego. The id, pride, and superego conflicts that can arise can lead to problematic gests, which can be used by psychodynamic propositions to explain why someone commits a crime.

PSY 310 Topic 3 Criminological Theories

Forensic psychologist constantly applies psychodynamic proposition to threat assessment evaluations in courtroom settings. As an illustration, “Several threat factors mentioned in the literature on threat assessment have psychodynamic and relational factors to them. At least in part because violent malefactors find connections delicate and have driven down those to whom they might have developed attachments, social insulation is a threat factor for violence (Taylor, 2009, pp. 55- 64). When using the psychodynamic proposition to assess pitfalls.

Cognitive Proposition

The focus of the cognitive proposition is on how people perceive the world and how their comprehensions impact their guests and passions. Three situations can be distinguished in the cognitive proposition.” Pre-conventional position” is the case. This relates to kiddies and how they discover the external goods of their conduct Common place position. Teenagers and youthful grown-ups are affected by this because they start modeling their guests after societal prospects Level past the conventional. The emphasis is more on assessing the moral worth of societal morals and values in relation to the values of liberty, mortal weal, and mortal rights in those over the age of 20 (Mayer, 1998).

PSY 310 Topic 3 Criminological Theories

According to psychologists’ findings, culprits can’t advance their moral judgment past the pre-conventional. In a clinical setting, a forensic psychologist can use cognitive proposition to help cases understand the events of their early nonage to demonstrate why these people are not progressing beyond the pre-conventional position (Mayer, 1998). The psychologist will use cognitive behavioral remedy to help doctor the case so they can understand that conduct have consequences after relating the root

Behavioral Proposition

The central tenet of the behavioral proposition is that people’s conduct is shaped by their guests and, more importantly, by the responses those conducts evoke. This is fulfilled through exertion, in which guests are either awarded or disapproved of. Albert Bandura, a social learning philosopher, for case, claims that people don’t naturally retain the capacity for violence. Rather, he contends that people pick up violent tendencies by watching others. Family, environmental gests, and media are the three main sources of this( Salazar, 1991, pp. 129- 131). The behavioral proposition is used by forensic psychologists to ascertain the provocations behind felonious guests.

PSY 310 Topic 3 Criminological Theories

Due to the behavioral propositions’ foundational idea that guests are conditioned, still, they may come to believe that acting if a person doesn’t associate with the right people violently is respectable because that’s all they’ve ever endured. A person can pick up felonious actions from the people in their life, similar to parents who have committed crimes, according to the behavioral proposition, which is like the social literacy proposition in that both have their roots in the idea that guests are learned through observation.


Aas,K.F.( 2012). ‘The earth is one, but the world is not’ Criminological proposition and its geopolitical divisions. Theoretical Criminology, 16( 1), 5-.


Mayer,R.E.( 1998). Cognitive proposition for education What preceptors need to know. InN.M. Lambert &B.L. McCombs( Eds.), How scholars learn Reforming seminaries through learner-centered education(pp. 353 – 377).( Distributed in modified form from” Journal of

Educational Psychology,” 84, 1992, pp. 405 – 412) American Psychological Association.

Salazar,M.K.( 1991). Comparison of four behavioral propositions. AAOHN Journal, 39( 3), 128-.


Taylor,E.( 2009). The riddle of personality A history of psychodynamic propositions. Springer Science & Business Media.

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