PSY 310 Topic 1 Understanding Psychology and Criminology

PSY 310 Topic 1 Understanding Psychology and Criminology

Understanding Psychology and Criminology

Forensic psychology and criminology can be fairly analogous, yet they aren’t the same. It is the sociological study of felonious exertion and felonious conduct. The differences between criminology and forensic psychology will be bandied throughout the composition, along with the three places that forensic psychologists play in the legal system and each part’s ethical, legal, and clinical restrictions.

Forensic Psychology vs. Criminology

Forensic psychology and criminology are both terms used to describe a sequence of crimes that take place. Generally, the two terms are frequently analogous in debate; still, they both hold different factors. Working with the legal system and law enforcement is one of the main factors and factors of forensic psychology. In other words, according to our textbook, a well-rounded description of forensic psychology goes as follows; “We view forensic psychology astronomically, as both (1) the exploration bid that examines aspects of mortal gests directly related to the legal process and( 2) the professional practice of psychology within, or in discussion with, a legal system that embraces both civil and felonious law” ( Bartol, 2019,p. 34).

PSY 310 Topic 1 Understanding Psychology and Criminology

This description highlights that not only does forensic psychology focus on the exploration of mortal gests, but how it also plays a part in aligning with legal processes. As far as criminology, criminologists use anthropology, psychology, statistics, and sociological generalities to probe crime and felonious guests in addition to the information they’ve gathered through sociological principles. Being a criminologist includes navigating through boundaries and being apprehensive of the focus and purpose they may offer (Henry, 2012). Places Psychologists play within the felonious justice system


Three functions are performed by a forensic psychologist that includes an experimenter, a counselor, and an adviser. As an experimenter, their responsibility is to understand the wisdom behind the matter, which aids knowledge in all fields of moxie. As an experimenter, a forensic psychologist can concentrate on felonious profiling, salutary internal health treatment, and numerous other effects. By doing those effects, an experimenter can use accurate data to help break an implicit case.


PSY 310 Topic 1 Understanding Psychology and Criminology

The counselor’s job involves furnishing treatment to those who are or have been jugged. They could also prop with the creation of an enterprise that lowers recidivism rates while helping internal health. As a counselor, there’s a responsibility to prop and guide those who have been confined and give them a salutary resource to help break crimes and decide why they were committed.


Advisers are fixers who employ their moxie to raise performance. They compass out information that conceivably needs to be streamlined. They’re always making sure everything is going strategically.

Limitations for Forensic Psychologist

Though forensic psychologists play a pivotal part in society, there frequently are some ethical, legal, and clinical limitations. For illustration, an ethical limitation for forensic psychologists would be participating in patient information with another case or colleague. This would be unethical because there are rules and guidelines set up to ensure there’s patient confidentiality. Workers are to help ensure the information of their cases is always kept as nonpublic as possible. “In situations where the right of the customer or party to confidentiality is limited, the forensic psychologist makes every trouble to maintain confidentiality concerning any information that does not bear directly upon the legal purpose of the evaluation” (Committee on Ethical Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists (n.d)).

PSY 310 Topic 1 Understanding Psychology and Criminology

A legal limitation would be bringing a minor in without concurrence from a guardian for questioning. A minor should always be accompanied by a grown-up and/ or guardian upon interrogation. Incipiently, a forensic physiologist can infringe upon clinical limitations by conceivably giving case-specified medicines without their knowledge. This would mean the psychologist deliberately gave a case a medicine without the concurrence of the case. This would arise not only clinical problems but as well as legal and unethical limitations as well (Bartol, 2019).


Overall, there are differences between forensic psychology and criminology since the former examines cerebral ideas and links them to legal difficulties, while the ultimate examines crime and felonious conduct from a social angle. Three positions are available in forensic psychology experimenter, counselor, and adviser. Different legal, ethical, and clinical restrictions apply to each of these jobs, which have an impact on the psychologist’s work and the case’s care. The ethical constraints include anything that might emotionally affect the situation. The legal restrictions involve norms, regulations, and guidelines that similar psychologists must abide by to give the case the stylish care possible and safeguard their character at the same time. These restrictions and criteria within each function are important in icing that everything is fairly, innocently, and clinically correct for the benefit of the case and the physician.


Bartol,C.R., & Bartol,A.M.( 2019). Preface to forensic psychology (5th ed.) Savant. ISBN- 13978150638 7246

Commission on Ethical Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists. (n.d). Specialty guidelines for forensic psychologists. Law and Human Behavior, 15( 6), 655- 665.

Henry,A.( 2012). WHAT IS CRIMINOLOGY? Eds Mary Bosworth and Carolyn Hoyle Oxford

Oxford University Press(), 2011. xxxvi 551pp. ISBN 978019- 9571826( hb).£ 75.

Edinburgh Law Review, 16( 2), 294 – 296.


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