NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 2 Global Issue Problem Description

NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 2 Global Issue Problem Description

Global Issue Problem Description

Diabetes is a long-term condition that makes it hard for the body to break down sugar (glucose) in the blood. According to Sneha & Gangil (2019), glucose is an essential source of energy for your cells. It must be transported from the bloodstream into your cells with the assistance of insulin, a pancreatic hormone. Diabetes is on the ascent worldwide, with an expected 463 million grown-ups matured 20-79 living with the sickness in 2019 (Porwal et al., 2020). Diabetes is linked to higher rates of morbidity and mortality, a shorter life expectancy, and a significant financial burden on patients and healthcare systems, making this a serious public health issue. Genetics, lifestyle factors like inactivity, poor diet, and obesity are all risk factors for diabetes (Kaur & Kumari, 2018). The development of an evidence-based intervention to improve outcomes for the entire community is the central focus of this assessment, which examines the diabetes problem in Mauritius. For NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 2 Global Issue Problem Description

Analysis of an International Health Issue

Diabetes is a global health issue that affects millions of people worldwide. The World Wellbeing Association (WHO) anticipated that 463 million individuals overall were living with diabetes in 2019 (WHO, 2019). This number is expected to reach 700 million by 2045. Diabetes, a long-term condition that slows the body’s ability to process glucose, is reflected in high blood sugar levels (Kaur & Kumari, 2018).

In every nation, people and communities are affected by diabetes. However, low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are particularly affected by the disease’s uneven burden. Over 75% of people with diabetes in 2019 lived in LMICs. Indigenous peoples, immigrants, and people with low incomes are among the marginalized populations that are disproportionately affected by diabetes. Countries with high rates of obesity and unhealthy lifestyles like sedentary living and diets high in sugar and fat are more likely to have diabetes (Mogre et al., 2019). The following are the five nations with the highest diabetes prevalence:

Tokelau: Mauritius: 29.7% 24.3%

Nauru: Cook Islands: 23.8% Marshall Islands: 21.1% 21.1% (, 2019)

NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 2 Global Issue Problem Description

Diabetes imbalances across nations remember incongruities for admittance to medical services and safeguard measures, like training and early recognition. Additionally, the prevalence and management of diabetes are significantly influenced by socioeconomic factors like poverty and education levels. For instance, people with low wages and restricted admittance to quality food and medical care administrations are at a higher gamble of creating diabetes and encountering intricacies. Diabetes inequalities also affect marginalized and indigenous populations as a result of historical injustices and persistent discrimination. Addressing these disparities is basic to accomplishing evenhanded and feasible diabetes counteraction and the executives worldwide (Kaur and Kumari, 2018).

Social or Political Ramifications of Health Issues 

The body is unable to produce or use insulin, which results in high blood sugar levels. Diabetes can have significant social and political repercussions if it is not properly managed (Hill-Briggs et al., 2020).

Social Ramifications

Diabetics may be subjected to social discrimination and stigma, which can result in social exclusion and a lower quality of life. Their health condition may also result in fewer opportunities for employment, education, and income. According to Kaur & Kumari (2018), diabetes can also have a negative impact on a person’s mental health, resulting in stress, anxiety, and depression.

Life Quality Decline: Numerous complications can result from uncontrolled diabetes. Neuropathy, visual deficiency, and removals can truly influence the patient’s personal satisfaction (Abilities et al., 2020).

Stigmatization: Poor eating habits are frequently cited as the root cause of diabetes. Patients are stigmatized and treated differently because of their lack of physical activity (Mogre et al., 2019).

Isolation from others: Due to the restrictions, diabetics may feel socially isolated. They should force on their eating routine, work out, and different exercises (Mogre et al., 2019).

Financial burden: According to Kaur & Kumari (2018), diabetes management can be costly, placing financial strain on patients and their families ( NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 2 Global Issue Problem Description)

Medical services Inconsistencies: Diabetes is more common in particular groups, such as those with low incomes and minority populations. Healthcare disparities may result from this (Kaur & Kumari, 2018).

Political Ramifications

The cost of treating diabetes can have a significant political impact on a nation’s economy. It can prompt a weight on the medical services framework, expanded non-appearance from work, and decreased efficiency. Policies to prevent and manage the disease may necessitate costly treatment investments from governments (Hill-Briggs et al., 2020).

Costs of healthcare have gone up: The increasing prevalence of diabetes can put a strain on healthcare budgets because it is a costly disease to manage (Powers et al., 2020).

Efficiency Misfortune: Uncontrolled diabetes can prompt non-appearance and diminished efficiency, influencing the economy (Powers et al., 2020).

The Cost of Social Assistance: Social services may be required for diabetics who develop complications. For example, handicap benefits, government backed retirement, and Federal health insurance, which can overwhelm the framework (Kaur and Kumari, 2018).

NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 2 Global Issue Problem Description

Wellbeing Abberations: Diabetes has a disproportionate impact on particular populations, which has the potential to exacerbate existing health disparities (Mogre et al., 2019).

Effects on the Insurance Business: Insurance premiums and costs may rise as a result of the rising prevalence of diabetes, which may have an impact on the insurance industry (Powers et al., 2020).

As per research in the diary Diabetes Care, the yearly financial expense of diabetes in the US is nearly $327 billion (Ali et al., 2020). Additionally, diabetes was found to be linked to decreased productivity and increased absenteeism in a study published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (Ali et al., 2020). According to a report by the American Diabetes Association, diabetes has a disproportionate impact on particular groups, such as people of color, people with low incomes, and people who have less education (Baptista et al., 2019).

Analysis of Data Regarding the Socioeconomic, Political, and Cultural Influences

The populace generally impacted by Diabetes in Mauritius is moderately aged grown-ups, with a higher predominance in men. In 2019, 22.3 percent of adults aged 20 to 79 in Mauritius had diabetes, according to data from the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) (Saeedi et al., 2019). Social determinants like training, pay, and work status are critical elements influencing Diabetes in Mauritius. Diabetes pervasiveness rates are related with low degrees of training and neediness as well as admittance to nutritious food varieties and open doors for active work. Economic and social factors: The high rate of urbanization is one of the major socioeconomic factors that contribute to the high prevalence of diabetes in Mauritius. According to the World Bank, more than 40% of people live in urban areas, which frequently results in sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy diets. Additionally, the high poverty rate in Mauritius contributes to the issue, as diabetics are more likely to be unable to afford healthy food or healthcare (Baptista et al., 2019).

According to Gapminder data, socioeconomic, political, and cultural factors influence Mauritius’ diabetes prevalence. The information shows that as the nation has urbanized and become all the more financially grown, most diabetes has expanded. Additionally, the fact that 8.6% of the population in Mauritius lives below the poverty line in 2017 suggests that poverty may be a factor in the country’s high diabetes prevalence. Lastly, data indicate that traditional food in Mauritius contains a lot of salt and fat, supporting cultural factors that contribute to the diabetes epidemic (Ali et al., 2020).NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 2 Global Issue Problem Description

The onset of diabetes may be influenced by cultural attitudes toward diet and exercise. In Mauritius, conventional dinners frequently incorporate high-fat and high-starch food sources, and stationary ways of life are regular, which can prompt a higher gamble of diabetes. Diabetes rates in Mauritius can be affected by geographic factors like urbanization and healthcare accessibility. Urbanization has prompted changes in diet and way of life, which can add to diabetes advancement. Additionally, rural areas have limited access to diabetes treatment and healthcare, which can raise the risk of complications (Mogre et al., 2019).

Diabetes prevalence in Mauritius is significantly influenced by socioeconomic status. People with lower levels of education and income are more likely to develop diabetes and to lack access to resources for diabetes prevention and management. Policies and regulations that encourage healthy lifestyles and easy access to healthcare have the potential to influence the prevalence of diabetes in Mauritius. National diabetes screening programs and a sugar tax have been implemented by the Mauritius government. However, the country’s socioeconomic and cultural factors that contribute to diabetes can be addressed further. In general, the predominance of Diabetes in Mauritius is affected by financial, social, and political elements. The burden of diabetes in the country could be reduced by addressing these factors through targeted interventions and policy changes (Porwal et al., 2020).

Future Changes which Can Increase or Decrease Effects on the Diabetes

Multiple socioeconomic, political, and cultural factors will have an impact on diabetes as a result of the likely complexity of the upcoming changes in Mauritius. In any case, assume policymakers and partners pursue further developing admittance to good food sources. Medical care, advancing actual work, and tending to pay disparity. If that is the case, it may contribute to lowering the national prevalence of diabetes (Porwal et al., 2020).

Economic Expansion: There may be an increase in income if the Mauritius economy continues to expand. This could prompt superior admittance to good food varieties and better medical services, possibly diminishing the pervasiveness of diabetes (Mogre et al., 2019).

Income Disparities: People with lower incomes may have less access to healthy foods and healthcare if income inequality persists, which may raise the prevalence of diabetes (Mogre et al., 2019).

Urbanization: People may lead more sedentary lives as urbanization continues, leading to an increase in obesity and diabetes (Porwal et al., 2020).

Health Care Laws: According to Porwal et al., the prevalence of diabetes may decrease if the government implements policies to increase access to healthcare and encourage healthy lifestyle choices. 2020).

Agreements on Trade: if Mauritius signs trade agreements that make it harder for local farmers to grow food and make unhealthy foods more accessible. According to Porwal et al.,, it may result in an increase in diabetes prevalence. 2020).

Diet: According to Porwal et al., the prevalence of diabetes may rise if traditional Mauritian diets are continued to be replaced with a more Westernized diet high in processed foods and sugar. 2020).

Getting Moving: According to Porwal et al., an increase in diabetes prevalence may occur if traditional physical activities like walking or cycling are continued to be replaced by sedentary behaviors. 2020).

Evaluation of Strategies used historically to address the Global Health Issue

Diabetes is a global health problem that has been addressed by a number of methods in the past. Prevention, treatment, education, research, and policymaking are all examples of these strategies. However, the social, economic, political, and environmental contexts in which these strategies are implemented vary in their effectiveness (Mogre et al., 2019).

Obesity, inactivity, unhealthy eating, smoking, and other risk factors for diabetes have been the primary focus of diabetes prevention efforts. Community-based programs like nutrition education, physical activity, and quitting smoking are examples of these strategies. The World Wellbeing Association (WHO) has fostered the Worldwide Diabetes Reduced, which expects to work on the avoidance, analysis, and treatment of diabetes through organizations and advancement (Mapa-Tassou et al., 2019).

Diabetes patients’ health literacy and awareness of its complications have been the primary goals of education strategies. Understanding the mechanisms and causes of diabetes and developing new treatments and interventions have been the primary goals of research strategies. Primary research, clinical trials, and translational research are among these methods. Additionally, research networks and initiatives to promote diabetes research have been established by international organizations like the WHO and the International Diabetes Federation (Mogre et al., 2019).

NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 2 Global Issue Problem Description

Strategies for making policies have focused on promoting equity and social justice and creating a favorable environment for diabetes prevention and management. Legislation, regulation, and public policy all play a role in these strategies, which aim to address social determinants of health, reduce health disparities, and encourage universal health coverage. States have additionally executed methodology to safeguard the privileges of individuals with diabetes, for example, against separation regulations and incapacity freedoms regulation (Mapa-Tassou et al., 2019).

Strategies in Mauritius

In 2019, an estimated 114,900 adults in Mauritius were diagnosed with diabetes, according to the International Diabetes Federation. The body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels is affected by chronic diabetes. It can cause serious issues like heart disease, stroke, and blindness if handled improperly (Dawonauth et al., 2019).

In the past, Mauritius has taken a number of steps to deal with diabetes, which is now a global health issue. These methodologies have been assorted and have involved different partners, including the public authority, medical services suppliers, and local area based associations. One of the main strategies used in Mauritius to combat the diabetes epidemic has been public health efforts to raise awareness of the condition and its risk factors. Focusing on both the overall population and the people who are in danger, for example, the people who are overweight or have a family background of diabetes, the public authority has set up instructive drives. The campaigns aim to inform the general public about the need for routine screenings to detect early signs of diabetes and the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise and a balanced diet (Dawonauth et al., 2019).

The establishment of a national diabetes program is yet another tactic that has been implemented in Mauritius. This program has been made to upgrade the norm of treatment for diabetics and defer the start of the condition. Diabetes education and self-management programs are provided, diabetes clinics are set up, and healthcare professionals are trained as part of the program (Mahomoodally et al., 2019). Additionally, the government has enacted regulations governing the consumption and sale of sugar and unhealthy food products. This includes imposing restrictions on the marketing and sale of harmful food products and imposing taxes on sugary beverages (Mapa-Tassou et al., 2019).

Although these methods have helped some people in Mauritius with diabetes, there are still a lot of social, economic, political, and environmental issues that need to be addressed. In low-income communities, for instance, the high rate of diabetes can be attributed to factors like poverty, unemployment, and a lack of access to healthcare services. Effective diabetes prevention and treatment programs may also be hindered by political instability and weak governance (Shukla et al., 2021).

Diabetes can also be brought on by environmental factors like pollution, exposure to toxins, and climate change. As a result, a multifaceted strategy involving collaboration between the government, healthcare providers, and community-based organizations is necessary to address these issues. A comprehensive and integrated approach that addresses the social, economic, political, and environmental factors that contribute to the disease is, overall, the key to addressing the global health issue of diabetes in Mauritius (Mahomoodally et al.,, 2019).

Current Prospects

In order to address diabetes as a public health issue, Mauritius has made significant progress. In order to make it easier for people with diabetes to access services like free medication and diagnostic tests, the government has implemented policies. A National Diabetes Prevention and Control Program has also been launched by the Ministry of Health to raise awareness and encourage healthy lifestyle choices. Diabetes care training for medical staff, community education, and awareness campaigns are all part of the program. Additionally, a variety of diabetes management services, such as routine checkups, education, and counseling, are provided by private healthcare providers. Additionally, private businesses have been encouraged by the government to participate in diabetes management and prevention programs (Shukla et al., 2021).

Predictions for Future Success

Despite advancements, diabetes remains a major public health issue in Mauritius. Because the COVID-19 pandemic is anticipated to exacerbate the issue of the rising number of adults with diabetes, immediate action is required. One of the procedures that can be executed is taking on a thorough way to deal with diabetes care. Prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment are all part of this strategy (Dawonauth et al., 2019). Additionally, collaboration between private and public healthcare providers is required to expand diabetes care services and make them more accessible. Additionally, it’s critical to energize sound way of life decisions like regular work-out, a reasonable eating routine, and weight the board. Instruction, public relations efforts, community involvement, and support networks are all ways to accomplish this (Mapa-Tassou et al., 2019).


A few holes could be addressed in making procedures to oversee diabetes in the country. Diabetes’s causes and effects, as well as the significance of diabetes prevention and management, may not be well understood by the general public. Access to healthcare facilities may be limited in some parts of Mauritius, making it difficult for diabetics to get tested, diagnosed, and treated. It’s possible that the government doesn’t provide enough funding for diabetes research, prevention, and treatment (Morrell et al., 2019). Stakeholders like healthcare providers, policymakers, and community groups that are involved in addressing diabetes may collaborate in a limited way. The high rate of diabetes in Mauritius may be caused by poor eating habits, such as eating a lot of sugary and processed foods. It may be necessary to develop and implement strategies to encourage healthy eating habits (Chan Sun et al., 2022).

Educational Resource or Project Proposal


Over 20% of adults in Mauritius have diabetes, making it a growing problem. The rising pervasiveness of diabetes is connected to a few social determinants of wellbeing, including horrible eating routine, actual idleness, and stoutness. The Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) Strategic Plan and the National Diabetes Program are two of the numerous initiatives that the government of Mauritius has launched in an effort to lessen the burden of diabetes. However, in order to meet the specific requirements of the various communities in Mauritius (Shukla et al.,), more targeted and evidence-based strategies are required. 2021).

Target population

  • This project aims Mauritian communities that are at high risk for diabetes, such as adults with diabetes in their families, people who are overweight or obese, and people who live sedentary lives. The project will concentrate on diabetes prevention and management, specifically lifestyle and behavioral changes (Mungloo-Dilmohamud et al., 2022).
  • The following are the goals of this project:
  • To build information and attention to diabetes and its gamble factors among the objective populace.
  • To advance sound ways of life and conduct change through proof based mediations, including dietary adjustments and actual work.
  • to establish a long-term network of community-based diabetes management and prevention programs in Mauritius (Chan Sun et al., 2022).


The project will be implemented through educational resources and community-based interventions. The resources will be developed in collaboration with local health experts and community leaders to ensure cultural relevance and appropriateness (Mogre et al., 2019). The resources will include the following:

  1. Printed materials (e.g., brochures and posters) with information on diabetes prevention and control, healthy eating, and physical activity.
  2. Audio-visual materials (e.g., videos, podcasts) that can be shared through social media platforms and community radio stations.
  3. Workshops and training sessions for community health workers, volunteers, and local leaders to increase their capacity to deliver evidence-based interventions (Shukla et al., 2021).

The community-based interventions will be designed to reach the target population where they live, work, and socialize. They will include the following:

NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 2 Global Issue Problem Description

  1. Mobile clinics and health screenings to identify individuals at risk for diabetes and offer targeted interventions.
  2. Group-based interventions, such as walking clubs and healthy cooking classes, promote behavior change and social support.
  3. Community-based outreach activities, such as health fairs and cultural events, engage the community and promote awareness of diabetes prevention and control (Chan Sun et al., 2022).


The project will be carried out in a select number of Mauritius communities. The determination of the networks will be founded on their high predominance of diabetes and other social determinants of wellbeing, like neediness, low degrees of instruction, and limited admittance to medical care administrations. The project will be carried out in collaboration with local partners, such as health centers, community-based organizations, and authorities from the local government (Morrell et al., 2019).


The following are some of the assumptions that were made when developing a project proposal or educational resource with the goal of bringing about improvements in diabetes care in Mauritius based on evidence:

The target audience understands and has access to culturally and linguistically appropriate health education materials. This expects that the instructive asset or task proposition has been converted into the neighborhood language, Creole, and thinks about the populace’s social subtleties (Shukla et al., 2021).

Diabetes treatment is available to the target population, who has access to healthcare facilities. This assumes that Mauritius’ healthcare system can screen, diagnose, and treat diabetes (Mungloo-Dilmohamud et al., 2022).

The target audience is familiar with diabetes’s risk factors and symptoms. This assumes that the educational resource or project proposal will include information on diabetes’s risk factors, symptoms, and treatments (Mungloo-Dilmohamud et al., 2022).

The relevant social determinants of diabetes-related health, such as access to healthy food, physical activity, and social support, will be addressed. This assumes that the educational resource or project proposal will concentrate on medical management as well as the social and environmental factors that influence the prevention and management of diabetes (Mungloo-Dilmohamud et al., 2022). Get NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 2 Global Issue Problem Description

The task would happen in local area based settings, for example, public venues, schools, and work environments. Local pharmacies or health clinics may also be used to distribute the educational resource. The project would want to reach people who have diabetes or are at risk for developing it, as well as their loved ones and caregivers. The partners to whom the venture would be introduced incorporate agents from the Service of Wellbeing, nearby medical care suppliers, and local area associations (Mungloo-Dilmohamud et al., 2022).


The “Engaging Mauritian People group to Forestall and Control Diabetes” project is a complete and confirm based way to deal with tending to the weight of Diabetes in Mauritius. By addressing social determinants of health and focusing on high-risk populations, the project aims to reduce diabetes prevalence and effects in Mauritius. The project can be used as a model for other nations facing similar difficulties and can be adapted to other settings. To ensure its viability and impact, the project will need the support of stakeholders like the Mauritian government, local health authorities, and community leaders.

Summary of the Practicum Experience

I had the opportunity to present a diabetes-related project proposal to a public health official during the practicum experience. I was initially nervous about presenting the idea, but I had thoroughly prepared and felt confident in my subject knowledge. I was able to clearly articulate the significance of the project during the presentation, which focused on developing educational resources to assist individuals in effectively managing diabetes (Ahn & Choi, 2019).

In general, the public health officer was open to the idea and offered helpful suggestions for improvement. I was satisfied with how the show proceeded to see the value in the chance to share my insight and add to the general wellbeing area. According to Ahn & Choi (2019), if I were to give a presentation at a similar meeting in the future, I might try to include more visual aids to improve the presentation and make it more interesting for the audience.


In conclusion, diabetes is a serious problem in today’s world. To resolve this issue, there is a requirement for a multi-layered approach that includes both the counteraction and the board of diabetes. This includes programs that encourage healthy diets and lifestyles, education and awareness campaigns, diabetes screening and early detection, access to affordable and high-quality healthcare, and efficient diabetes management. In general, the government, healthcare providers, civil society organizations, and individuals all need to work together to address the diabetes problem in Mauritius. With consistent efforts and a comprehensive strategy, it is possible to lower the prevalence of diabetes in Mauritius and improve the health and wellbeing of the population.


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