NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 1 Nongovernmental Agencies Involved in Global Issues

Nongovernmental Agencies Involved in Global Issues

In NURS FPX 8014 Assessment 1 Nongovernmental Agencies Involved Global Issues Global health problems have become many issues to which governments, businesses, nongovernmental organizations, and so on are contributing to the solution. This work discusses the inhomogeneity of NGOs and government assistance through the general framework, financing techniques, the extent of their services, and the geographical areas they cover (Haque et al., 2019). This section assesses the plus and minus sides of Non-Government-Organisation (NGO) interventions compared to government programs. It also studies the adequateness of the data used by public health NGOs when choosing mental illnesses to address. It reflects on how real-life practicum research and interviews have changed the individual’s clinical practice in public health.

Differences Between NGOs and Government-Sponsored Programs

As a norm, public health NGOs are often organized as independent, non-profit organizations that are governed by their boards of directors or trustees. They generally have more room in the processes and operations to make decisions. This enables them to act quickly in response to emerging health concerns. One example is environmental organ organizations such as Drs Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières), which are independent of the governmental regulations that allow them to give medical care to people in critical condition quickly (Azevedo, 2018).

Governmental public health organizations differ from governmental organizations because they must comply with regulations and policies. They are often the departments of these national agencies designated to deal with health issues, and usually, they are either funded or overseen by these agencies (Institute of Medicine (US) Committee for the Study of the Future of Public Health, 2020) the CDC in the USA. Some government agencies may be well known for having more funds, power, and authority. They can also experience bureaucracy, which may slow decision-making and handling natural disasters.

Public health-oriented NGOs acquire the funds in a mixed way. They collect donations from individuals and other NGOs; foundations and international organizations finance their programs. They usually involve fundraising and completing grant applications to support their organization steadily. For example, The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation makes exemplary contributions to help NGOs of similar interest, such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (Smith, 2023).

Governmental public health authorities depend on public, shared, and approved budgets and fiscal revenues for their funding. While their financial resources may be more stable and substantial than those of NGOs, the latter is not affected by the political stand and budget restrictions, and that is different (Jedele, 2023). An example can be the National Health Service (NHS), which in the UK is a government-funded body that provides health care services to all people.

Member organizations of public health NGOs tend to specialize in areas or populations that are insecure at the global or regional levels. UNICEF (United Nations Agency for International Children’s Emergency Fund) is dedicated to global children’s health and welfare by implementing health programs in many countries, such as immunizations, nutrition, and education (National Academies of Sciences et al., 2023). Unlike governments in public health, nongovernmental public health organizations monitor the public’s health at the local or national level under their jurisdiction. They do more than that and carry out all those health services stimulated in disease surveillance, health promotion, and policy development (Sibeudu, 2022). The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has a mission to maintain and improve the health status of Canadians by conducting activities for disease prevention and health promotion.

Public Health NGOs and Governmental Public Health Organizations

Public health NGOs tend to be more responsive and inventive than government-operated programs due to the bureaucracy that bureaucracies often encounter with the processes. On their own back, NGOs can easily meet new medical challenges and rearrange existing ones. They are the ones that are at liberty to participate in novel approaches and experiments, from the corporate world distractions notwithstanding. Such input shows, for instance, Partners In Health, a nongovernmental organization that has built a community-based medical model to serve those settings that are exhausted of resources and show how to achieve health goals and access to care (Kamal Gholipour et al., 2023).

Embracing entrepreneurship, creating jobs, and stimulating business activity will help bridge the economic gap and improve the general well-being of disadvantaged individuals and communities (Mthembu & Barnard, 2019). NGOs can draw attention to vulnerable or disadvantaged individuals due to their quick adaptation to the circumstances of disaster that the government might underestimate (Shah et al., 2023). They can adapt and allocate resources rapidly, deploying a team to disaster sites or epidemic areas. The IMC International Medical Corps brought immediate medical aid during disasters and humanitarian crises because of its efficient response capability.

Strategic planning involves forecasting trends and developing a comprehensive framework encompassing short-term and long-term objectives. Throughout the planning phase, data analysis, competitor analysis, and stakeholder engagement are crucial in informing decisions regarding the product, market, and overall commercialization strategy (Farida & Setiawan, 2022). NGOs tend to be very specific regarding the health issues or populations they target, which enables the crafting of control disease or infection tools and medications for different community types. What is more, the well-directed work of NGOs allows them to produce very tangible results and create endless problems in their scope. For example, the Global Fund to fight against AIDS, TB, and Malaria specifically works on these conditions, relying on its core competencies to develop strategies for prevention, treatment, and psychosocial care (Jürgens et al., 2017).

NGOs often promote collaboration and cooperation over several sectors besides government departments, higher academic institutions, and local communities. They enhance the decision-making process and encourage the uptake of the programs of public health initiatives. NGOs are catalysts for collective action to boost people’s development efforts through collaborations and partnerships that amplify the results of the initiatives and tap into the knowledge available ​​(Abiddin et al., 2022). To clarify, the World Health Organization – for example – works along with governments, other NGOs (nongovernmental organizations) and private sector partners. In doing so, they prove that collaboration is the most powerful way to realize health programs.

Challenges of Public Health NGOs and Government-Sponsored Programs

Compared to government-funded programs, public health NGOs experience challenges such as shortage of resources and focused operations.

In some circumstances, public health NGOs with small budgets must compete with government-financed programs. Their funding is mainly from contributions, grants, and fundraising campaigns. These resources are irregular and frequently shortage-stricken to meet the demands for services. In this case, NGOs may need help to sustain their operations, get the right and competent personnel, and expand to serve more underprivileged populations (Tomthem, 2023). On the contrary, government-run institutions like these usually have a reliable way to finance themselves through tax revenue and regular and predictable ways of planning budgets and targeting bigger health-related problems.

Often, NGOs are challenged by bureaucratic and policy obstacles that impede operational effectiveness and efficiency. Governments’ rules, procedures, and reporting requirements can be cumbersome for NGOs  as a result, staff is obliged to spend a huge amount of time or even the whole day on office work, and it means resources are being diverted away from frontline activities that are aimed at assisting humanity (Bains & Wu, 2023). The other aspect is the complex bureaucracy, which contrasts with the speed. NGOs may need to catch up in responding timely to unfolding health crises and using innovative solutions (Sayarifard et al., 2022). In the other case, where administration-sponsored programs are involved, the main part is bureaucracy. These have the advantage of general institutional support and expertise in handling regulatory processes and frameworks.

As a result of a cycling trip through various urban environments, I have gained deeper insights into our cities and my role as a member of a thriving community. Public health NGOs, especially in the developing world or the areas where conflict frequently occurs (Ridde & de Sardan, 2022). Sometimes get into a position to receive required information in a timely fashion and in the right form, which is relevant information needed for evidence-based decision-making. In many regions where NGOs operate, the data collection and surveillance systems need to be completed, and sometimes, there needs to be more adequate tools to assess health needs, cover the trends, and evaluate program effectiveness (Masefield et al., 2020). NGOs should be able to do that effectively and determine how they use their resources and how much impact they have on communities without pretty good data. Unlike government-supported programs, which may have the advantage of holding national health databases and can readily use data collection and analysis facilities, the NGO only has the chance of getting the information relevant to them for planning and evaluation purposes (Chao et al., 2023).

Criteria for Public Health NGOs to Get Involved in a Health Issue

Many NGOs in mental health operating at the public level use the information to rethink and reflect on what issues they are willing to address. The degree of offered data can be largely and widely divergent due to factors such as the geography, population, and nature of the mental health problem (Cortina & Hardin, 2023). The NGOs always come across a hump involving access to data related to mental health prevalence rates, risk factors, and gaps in services. This problem specifically affects the resource-limited areas that may have weak infrastructure for data collection or fragmentation of the data collection infrastructure.

Local public health NGOs bridge data gaps with many strategies, which help to warrant selecting mental health issues to address. These methods include doing a regional needs assessment, epidemiological surveys, and qualitative research to identify as many priority issues as possible in community health, findings on how people perceive mental illness, and reasons for poor help-seeking behaviors (Ahmad & Koncsol, 2022). In partnership with local health authorities, academic institutions, and community-oriented groups, NGOs can benefit from various data sources and community knowledge that these groups have accumulated.

NGOs become prominent in community engagement and indigenous inhabitants’ ways of collecting data and making decisions in mental health activities. Involving community members, including individuals with personal experience regarding mental illness, NGOs provide an opportunity to obtain firsthand information that could help them understand the local setting, cultural beliefs, and the socio-economic factors related to mental health. Approaches based on participatory efforts, such as focus group meetings, community consultation, and participatory action research, engage people to articulate their mental health challenges and to be the catalysts for making solutions that match their needs (Abayneh et al., 2022).      

Practicum Research and Interviewing Experience

Besides being a valuable experience in my field, participating in scientific research practice was an eye-opener as it gave me insights into the complexities involved in the core public health organization and the delivery of services. Before those floods, I had held certain stereotypes about the efficiency and effectiveness of public health interventions. Yet, when I interacted with real-life circumstances, I understood the obstacles and nuances in public health practice. For example, I thought that public health NGOs functioned smoothly and efficiently; however, the interviews showed me that the limited resources (present barriers), the bureaucracy, and the lack of data for the efficient functioning of NGOs are not a reality.

Such encounters led me to learn that health problems may differ from one area to another, so regionally specific approaches should be designed. In discussing with public health NGO officials working on the community level. One can grasp the importance of community engagement, fruitful partnerships, and the application of evidence-based decision-making in achieving an impact that counts. These insights made me change my mind and experience things differently. They also helped me realize how many difficulties people face during public health delivery.

Through these instances, the roots of my future work as a professional in public health are reinforced. I will come to public health interventions with a refined understanding of the complexity and the unique quirks surrounding such undertakings. I will learn to appreciate the fundamental role of teamwork, flexibility, and using robust evidence to make my decisions. I will work all hard into working communities, consolidate partners for EV, and campaigning in hopes of ushering in public health important  interventions. Embedding these teachings into my processes significantly improves health outcomes and creates health equity in communities across the United States.

Conclusion

Determining which among the public health NGOs or government-led programs can achieve concrete results in global health is essential in addressing present health concerns. NGOs are optimistic, creative, specialized, and reliable for development, But sometimes, they are also concerned about the lack of resources, bureaucratic rules, and reliable data. On the one hand, government-initiated projects use the benefits of stable funding and institutional support. On the other hand, these projects need to act faster and be more agile and responsive. While looking ahead, working in collaborations, communicating with people of communities, and evidence-informed interventions, public health initiatives will continue contributing to local and global health enhancement and improvement.

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