NURS FPX 6218 Assessment 2 Assessing Community Health Care Needs

NURS FPX 6218 Assessment 2 Assessing Community Health Care Needs

Community Health Assessment

A community health assessment strategic planning helps to recognize problems and requirements through systematized analysis of data. It helps address public health problems with the help of the health improvement process. The approach assists healthcare organizations by providing information about health status, requirements, and possible issues or concerns. The collective information then helps make the improvement plan for organizations to enhance the outcomes and fulfill the needs (CDC, 2019). The paper will assess the Windshield survey for Jordan (a small town in Minnesota) to evaluate the needs and general condition of the community. It will analyze the environmental factors and social determinants of health (SDOH) and summarize the environmental analysis and survey findings.  

Executive Summary

General Condition and Public Health Needs

The city of Jordan is located in Minnesota state. After the survey by the World Population Review, Jordan’s population will be 7,013 in 2023 (World Population Review, n.d.). It is the 130th largest city in Minnesota. From 2020, the population has increased by 5.36% from 6,656 to 7,013 (World Population Review, n.d.). The Jordan population density per square mile is 2,198. The poverty rate is 15.3%. The median age of individuals in Jordan is around 31. For males, it is around 30.6 years; for females, it is around 31.5 years (World Population Review, n.d.). More than 91.43 % of the Jordanian community speaks English (World Population Review, n.d.).

NURS FPX 6218 Assessment 2 Assessing Community Health Care Needs

The Windshield survey monitors the health needs of people and resources in the Jordan community. The survey results show that the Jordan community has a city hall (210 Ist St.E.), Jordan Middle School (500 Sunset Dr.), Jordan High School (600 Sunset Dr.), and Jordan Elementary School (815 Sunset Dr.). It also has Scott County Library-Jordan (275 Creek Ln. S), St. Francis Health Services (265 Creek Ln.S), Jordan Community Education and Recreation Center (500 Sunset Dr.), Hope Lutheran Church (201 Hope Ave.), and River Valley Education Center (100 Hope Ave.). There is also St.John the Baptist Church (215 Broadway ST.N), Street Signage (2nd St E and Broadway), a shopping plaza, a park, restaurants, fresh markets, a food shelf, and a residential area (Capella University, n.d.). There are various buildings in the Jordan community. Some of them are well-maintained, and some are middle-classed. The people in the Jordan community are enjoying a better life due to the resources available. The schools provide art programs, extracurricular activities, enrichment programs, and technology services to provide learning skills and opportunities to the students (Capella University, n.d.). Jordan community also assists people by providing inpatient and emergency medical care services. The community provides gym stations and tracks to promote physical fitness among people. The community has seven churches to provide religious services and a senior living center to assist older people (Capella University, n.d.).

Although the condition of the Jordanian community is top-notch, some aspects still require improvement. The improvements help to provide better services for people. The racial composition of Jordan comprises White, Black or African American, Asians, and two other races (World Population Review, n.d.). The percentage of Whites is 90.7%. The percentage of Black or African Americans is 3.26%, and Asians are 0.99% (World Population Review, n.d.). It is crucial to take health-related initiatives and support programs that can counter the demands and needs of individuals. The factors that need improvements are healthcare services, including nutrition support and diagnostic care services. Some other factors that need to be improved are water quality, fire risks, and air quality services (Data USA, n.d.). Air quality, water quality, and fire-related hazards are elements of the physical environment that are pertinent to the survey. The change in the physical environment and climate affects the health condition (social and physical well-being, depression, anxiety, and poor mental health) of people (Palinkas & Wong, 2020).  

Limitations of the Survey

The Windshield survey assessment helped to identify the social and physical characteristics of the Jordan community. The survey provides information, but some things could be improved in the survey to assess the Jordan community carefully. The survey did not provide in-depth analysis and statistical data on minorities, community resources, and health conditions. The in-depth analysis and statistical data are crucial to evaluate the percentage values. Some factors would need to consider in assessing the risks during the survey. When evaluating the risks while conducting the survey, risk variables like theft and crime should be taken into account. According to Jordan’s crime statistics, a crime occurred there every two days (Crime Grade Data, n.d.). Crime and theft would be safety concerns for me during the conduction of the survey.  

A study by Wang and Geng (2019) demonstrated that low socioeconomic status affects physical and psychological health and causes health disparities. Ukaogo et al. (2020) demonstrated that environmental pollution (air and water quality) deteriorates the health condition of people. Clean air and better-quality water are essential to improve health outcomes and quality of care (Ukaogo et al., 2020). Therefore, air and water quality, crime rate, and low-socioeconomic status need to be improved to enhance the outcomes in terms of quality services.

Environmental Analysis

The environmental analysis is used to assess the factors that positively or negatively impact the health condition of people. Questions I am trying to answer in the community health assessment are related to health conditions and air and water quality. The data from Jordan demonstrated that water quality is not good (JordanMN, 2021). The water consists of metals (copper, lead), metal oxides, and radioactive materials. The contaminants and metals affecting the water quality deteriorate the health condition of people, especially immune-compromised patients and infants (JordanMN, 2021). The data from the CDC show that contaminated water consists of germs and chemicals that cause several diseases like cholera and diarrhea (CDC, 2022).

The other environmental factor that affects health conditions is the quality of air. There are 24.2% more pulmonary problems in the Jordan region compared to all other regions, and the air quality index there is 77 (Best Places, n.d.). The air contains particulate matter and will result in several diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, and other lungs related complications (Manisalidis et al., 2020). The socioeconomic status of people is another factor that results in health disparities. Socioeconomic status results in mortalities and health insurance problems for the low-economic group (Gong et al., 2019).

The factors, including water and air quality, socioeconomic status, and associated threats and opportunities, will influence healthcare providers to look for practical improvements. The threats include deteriorating health conditions due to air and water quality and health disparities due to socioeconomic differences (Data USA, n.d.). Some opportunities are available, and healthcare providers can use that. The opportunities include taking initiatives and support programs from healthcare professionals to enhance healthcare services. Healthcare services and support programs must ensure equal healthcare access for all people without social, economic, or cultural differences. The providers can also promote the principles of social justice and cultural competence by arranging seminars and sessions (Hatzichristou et al., 2019). The seminars help in promoting awareness among the individuals in the Jordan community. The Windshield survey also shows that some areas are empty in the Jordan community (Capella University, n.d.). The area can be used effectively to flourish the business here. The business will also help in promoting economic stability that reduces health disparities. The vulnerable population will get employment opportunities to maintain their standard of living (Capella University, n.d.).

Social Determinants of Health (SDOH)

The SDOH are the factors that positively or negatively affect the health condition and associated social and physical factors (Schillinger, 2020). The social factors in Jordan that affects community health are the different socio-economic status (Capella University, n.d.). The difference in socio-economic status impacts the individual’s access to healthcare needs, resources, and services. The Windshield survey shows that some minority groups live in the Jordan community. Different racial groups of people have different needs and issues with social, mental, and physical factors (Capella University, n.d.). 

NURS FPX 6218 Assessment 2 Assessing Community Health Care Needs

The health disparities are due to social factors, including poverty rates, insufficient knowledge and awareness, and different racial groups (Abedi et al., 2020). The difference in socio-economic status affects individuals’ health conditions and access to medical care services, food, and living places. The population impacts access to services and resources. 15.3% of people live in hardship and are poor (World Population Review, 2023). Globally, 12.8% of Jordanians are considered to be poor (US Census Bureau, 2022). Increasing population size also creates problems getting the available resources (US Census Bureau, 2022). The environmental analysis is based on the underlying assumption that all groups of people must provide with needs and resources. Therefore, the factors are necessary to discuss for improving the health status of people (Ukaogo et al., 2020).

Summary of Findings 

The complete information and resources from the Windshield survey are crucial to monitoring health. The analysis is listed in table 1 in the appendix. The condition of people and their needs and resources in the Jordan community is evaluated to get the data and findings. The initiatives and support programs from healthcare professionals enhance healthcare services. Healthcare services and support programs must ensure equal healthcare access for all people without social, economic, or cultural differences. Healthcare services and support programs must ensure equal healthcare access for all people without social, economic, or cultural differences. The providers can also promote the principles of social justice and cultural competence by arranging seminars and sessions. Some challenges that can encounter are the resistance of people and the need for digital literacy. The survey helped me learn about the importance of statistical analysis to compare the before and after results of the change proposal. The Windshield survey and environmental analysis will help me in future projects by carefully analyzing the results.

References

Abedi, V., Olulana, O., Avula, V., Chaudhary, D., Khan, A., Shahjouei, S., Li, J., & Zand, R. (2020). Racial, economic, and health inequality and COVID-19 infection in the United States. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, p. 8.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00833-4 

Best Places. (n.d.). Health in Jordan, Minnesota. Bestplaces.net.

https://www.bestplaces.net/health/city/minnesota/jordan 

Capella University (n.d.). Environment analysis and windshield survey. Retrieved from:

https://media.capella.edu/coursemedia/MSN6218/vilahealthenvironmentalanalysiswindshieldsurvey/wrapper.asp

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, April 8). CDC – Home – Community Health Assessment – STLT Gateway. Www.cdc.gov.

https://www.cdc.gov/publichealthgateway/cha/index.html#:~:text=A%20community%20health%20assessment%20gives 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention DC. (2022, May 26). Water Contamination and Diseases | Drinking Water | Healthy Water | CDC. Www.cdc.gov.

https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/drinking/contamination.html 

Crime Grade Data. (n.d.). The Safest and Most Dangerous Places in Jordan, MN: Crime Maps and Statistics | CrimeGrade.org. Crimegrade.org.

https://crimegrade.org/safest-places-in-jordan-mn/ 

Data USA. (n.d.). Jordan, MN | Data USA. Datausa.io. Retrieved March 6, 2023, from

https://datausa.io/profile/geo/jordan-mn?race-income-income_geo=incomeRace1 

NURS FPX 6218 Assessment 2 Assessing Community Health Care Needs

JordanMN. (2021). Jordan 2021 drinking water report. Jordanmn.gov.

https://jordanmn.gov/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/Jordan-2021-Drinking-Water-Report.pdf

Gong, G., Phillips, S. G., Hudson, C., Curti, D., & Philips, B. U. (2019). Higher US rural mortality rates are linked to socioeconomic status, physician shortages, and lack of health insurance. Health Affairs, 38(12), 2003–2010.

https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00722 

Hatzichristou, C., Lampropoulou, A., & Lianos, P. (2019). Social justice principles as core concepts in school psychology training, research, and practice at a transnational level. School Psychology International, 014303431989203.

https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034319892031 

Manisalidis, I., Stavropoulou, E., Stavropoulos, A., & Bezirtzoglou, E. (2020). Environmental and health impacts of air pollution: A review. Frontiers in Public Health, 8(14), 1–13.

https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00014 

Palinkas, L. A., & Wong, M. (2020). Global climate change and mental health. Current Opinion in Psychology, 32(32), 12–16.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.06.023 

Schillinger, D. (2020). The intersections between social determinants of health, health literacy, and health disparities. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 269, 22–41.

https://doi.org/10.3233/SHTI200020 

Ukaogo, P. O., Ewuzie, U., & Onwuka, C. V. (2020, January 1). 21 – Environmental Pollution: Causes, effects, and the remedies (P. Chowdhary, A. Raj, D. Verma, & Y. Akhter, Eds.). ScienceDirect; Elsevier.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012819001 2000218 

US Census Bureau. (2022, October 4). The poverty rate of children is higher than the national rate but lower for Older populations. Census.gov.

https://www.census.gov/library/stories/2022/10/poverty-rate-varies-by-age-groups.html

Wang, J., & Geng, L. (2019). Effects of socioeconomic status on physical and psychological health: Lifestyle as a mediator. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(2), 281.

https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020281 

World Population Review. (n.d.). Jordan, Minnesota Population 2022 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs). Worldpopulationreview.com.

https://worldpopulationreview.com/us-cities/jordan-mn-population 

 

Appendix

Table 1: Windshield Survey and Environmental Analysis

Category

Questions

Observations and Impressions

SWOT Category

References
(See note 1.)

Community Size

What is the Jordanian community’s growth rate as a percentage?

From the year 2020, the population is increased by 5.36%.

Threat

(World Population Review, n.d.)

Population

What is the result of increasing the population?  

More population size also creates problems getting the available resources.

Threat

(US Census Bureau, 2022)

Age

What does the Jordan community’s typical age reveal about its residents?

The median age of individuals in Jordan is around 31. For males, it is around 30.6 years; for females, it is around 31.5 years. The median age tells that primarily individuals in the Jordan community are young.

Strength

(World Population Review, n.d.)

Ethnicity

Which ethnic groups are represented in the Jordanian community?

The racial composition of Jordan comprises White, Black or African American, Asians, and two other races (World Population Review, n.d.). The percentage of Whites is 90.7%. The percentage of Black or African Americans is 3.26%, and Asians are 0.99%.

Strength and opportunity

(World Population Review, n.d.)

Health Issues

What health issues can cause due to poor air and water quality? 

The contaminants and metals affecting the water quality deteriorate the health condition of people, especially immune-compromised patients, and infants.

Threat

(JordanMN, 2021)

Health Care Services

Which medical services are offered to elders?

A senior housing facility to help the elderly

Strength and opportunity

(Capella University, n.d.). 

Churches

How many churches are present in Jordan, and are they enough for religious purposes?

The community has seven churches for providing religious services. The churches are enough to provide better religious purposes.

Strength

(Capella University, n.d.). 

Schools

What services do the local schools in Jordan offer?

The schools provide art programs, extracurricular activities, enrichment programs, and technology services to provide learning skills and opportunities to the students.

Strength

(Capella University, n.d.).

Businesses

Is there space available for business?

The area can be used effectively to flourish the business here. The business will also help in promoting economic stability that reduces health disparities. The vulnerable population will get employment opportunities to maintain their standard of living (Capella University, n.d.). 

Opportunity

(Capella University, n.d.)

Buildings

Which architectural style can be found in the Jordan community?

There are various buildings in the Jordan community. They vary in status, with some being middle-class and others quite well.

Weakness and opportunity

(Capella University, n.d.)

Restaurants

Does the Jordan community have an opportunity to develop restaurants?

Yes, space is available for making restaurants.

Opportunity

(Capella University, n.d.)

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