NURS FPX 6210 Assessment 2 Strategic Planning
Strategic planning helps a healthcare organization set objectives by keeping the providers at the facility focused on the guidelines (Bahadori et al., 2018). Effective strategic planning helps improve healthcare outcomes by establishing a framework under which various professionals can work collaboratively. It organizes care by providing a broad picture. This paper would be analyzing on building a strategic plan to improve the care setting and how it can be implemented by looking at the skills required for it.
Strategic Goals & Outcomes for Improvements
For strategic goals and improving the outcomes, there should be a strategy of quality improvement. The major weakness of an organization is the medication errors that result in adverse events being a safety concern for the patients. It has been estimated that in the US 7,000 to 9,000 people die annually due to medication errors (Tariq et al., 2022). Even though medication errors are common they are still preventable and an organization’s strategic goal should be reducing medication errors. The strategy to achieve this goal can be implementing a technological-based administration system and promoting a culture of safety. Another strategy could be training and raising awareness of this problem amongst the nurses so it can be avoided.
NURS FPX 6210 Assessment 2 Strategic Planning
The barriers to these strategies can be the lack of leadership, collaboration, communication, staff opposition, and lack of training in modern technology. These strategies need to be implemented with effective collaboration and communication. Leadership roles can be assigned so all the practices and administrations are double-checked. These organizational changes through strategy can be adapted through the plan-do-check-act (PDCA) model, helping the plan become more standardized with the help of a feedback system (Liu et al., 2022). This would highlight the problem, prioritizes them, plans a change, implements it, and then tests it to evaluate the implementation. This strategic planning would be for the next five years and the processes within the organization can be highlighted and improved through SWOT analysis. This analysis would identify all the external and internal factors of the organization, identifying weaknesses and threats so medication errors can be minimized.
Relevance of Strategic Goals & Outcomes of the Values
Any strategic planning occurring within the organization should be implemented in line with the standards and protocols of the organization. It is important to promote a culture of positivity and safety with respect and empathy. All the practices being carried out in the organization must align with the organization’s mission and vision. As medication errors can lead to ethical issues, the American Nurse Association (ANA) code of ethics must be followed. This code of ethics has four most important principles consisting of beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy, and justice (Nurse.org, n.d.). These principles urge for no harm when carrying out practices, patient involvement when it comes to decision-making, good welfare for others, and ensuring all practices are fair.
All the staff members must be from diverse backgrounds and should be able to respect diversity and the practice of gender equality must be implemented. Medication errors can be significant cases so there should be safe reporting methods instead of adopting a blame culture that may make the staff feel unsafe. A blame culture can also affect the patient’s safety (Wolvaardt, 2019). It is important to understand that some human errors are inevitable. Instead of having a blame culture, the staff members should be guided and supported (Wolvaardt, 2019). However, the areas of uncertainty can be the lack of knowledge among the nurses regarding several codes and standards. Without proper training and awareness, avoiding blame culture and following the code of ethics can be difficult.
The extent to Which This Plan Make Use of Technology & Other Environments
Implementation of technology will help make the strategic goals thrive and become successful. Several automated technologies help the nurses get alerted about any medication error that they were about to administer. These automated systems look for issues in the medications by keeping the patient’s information and history in check to notify the providers. A study was carried out with 13 preventive technologies which were classified into soft and hard including infusion pumps (hard), training (soft), bar-code systems (hard), double-checking (soft-hard), electronic prescription (hard), etc (Vilela & Jericó, 2019). The implementation of these technologies resulted in a significant drop in medication errors almost by 95% (Vilela & Jericó, 2019). This shows that the implementation of technology can prove to be effective in reducing adverse events. There also needs to be a regulatory environment to allow the nurses to have the most appropriate practices and attitudes in the work environment. Ethical conflicts can be a barrier when it comes to decision-making (Pishgooie et al., 2018). These ethical conflicts can be related to having an incompetent staff, violation of privacy, and utilizing resources despite knowing their uselessness (Pishgooie et al., 2018). These conflicts have to be highlighted in the organization so appropriate strategies can be implemented to promote a better working environment.
The limitation of these goals and outcomes is the huge investments required to implement technologies that would avoid medication errors. These investments would be costly and not every organization might be able to afford them. Another limitation is that to avoid ethical conflicts and successfully implement technologies, nurses should be skilled and trained enough to handle them efficiently.
Relevance of Leadership & Healthcare Theories
The strategic plan can be effectively implemented by incorporating leadership and healthcare theories which would be vital for the nurses. The most important leadership theory is transformational leadership. This type of leadership theory focuses on leadership being the role model and influencing the staff members to achieve the goal (Steinmann et al., 2018). Another important element is that it focuses on motivating the followers and empowers the leader to help the staff adapt to the changes being implemented in the organization. It relies on commitment and collaboration to achieve the desired goal(Steinmann et al., 2018). This theory helps the nurses develop their leadership skills and it allows a framework of honesty and justice to be established. It allows open discussions where concerns from the staff members can be highlighted and worked upon.
NURS FPX 6210 Assessment 2 Strategic Planning
There is another theory called the transcultural nursing theory. This theory allows nurses to expand their perspectives so they can be competent enough when delivering healthcare services to patients (Goodwin University, n.d.). This theory allows the patient’s cultural background to be taken into consideration when providing care; this helps the treatment plan to be more effective and patient-centered. This is because it would help the nurses be respectful of several diverse backgrounds, understand how a faith system or culture provides resources to specific individuals and helps the nurses stay committed by building patient-nurse relationships (Goodwin University, n.d.). The area of uncertainty can be the lack of knowledge amongst the nurses regarding diversity and several nursing theories. All of these theories require collaboration, and limitations in communication would not allow a successful implementation of these. Limitations can also cause burnout amongst the nurses due to workload, misuse of power, communication barriers with patients belonging to different cultural backgrounds, and losing focus on details.
Evaluation of Leadership Qualities to Implement Strategic Plan
There needs to be efficient leadership qualities to implement this strategic plan. Some of the most important leadership qualities would be effective communication and collaboration. A supportive and positive environment should be promoted that aligns with the ethical values of the organization. There should be team building towards the achieved goals.
One of the most important leadership styles along with a transformational style that promotes effective change as discussed before is the collaborative leadership style. This is a strategic leader that promotes transparency in the organization so there are no misunderstandings or adverse events due to lack of communication. Such leaders have information on modern technology and promote collective action toward a goal (Shu & Wang, 2021). The assumptions made during this evaluation are that there would be an understanding of a clear vision among the leadership and all the employees would have a positive mindset
A strategic plan for the next five years should be established with the help of the PDCA model, appropriate technology, and leadership roles. All of these strategies must follow the standards and protocols to make them ethically right. The goal of this plan is to improve care outcomes and reduce medication errors.
Bahadori, M., Teymourzadeh, E., Tajik, H., Ravangard, R., Raadabadi, M., & Hosseini, S. M. (2018). Factors affecting strategic plan implementation using interpretive structural modeling (ISM). International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 31(5), 406–414.
Goodwin University. (n.d.). LibGuides: Nurse Theorists & Nursing Theories: Madeleine Leininger.
Nurse.org. (n.d.). What is the Nursing Code of Ethics?
Pishgooie, A. H., Barkhordari-Sharifabad, M., Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, F., & Falcó-Pegueroles, A. (2018). Ethical conflict among nurses working in the intensive care units. Nursing Ethics, 26(7–8), 2225–2238. https://doi.org/10.1177/0969733018796686
Shu, Q., & Wang, Y. (2021). Collaborative leadership, collective action, and community governance against public health crises under uncertainty: A case study of the quanjingwan community in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(2), 598.
Steinmann, B., Klug, H. J. P., & Maier, G. W. (2018). The Path Is the Goal: How Transformational Leaders Enhance Followers’ Job Attitudes and Proactive Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 9.
Tariq, R., Vashisht, R., Sinha, A., & Scherbak, Y. (2022). Medication Dispensing Errors And Prevention. StatPearls.
Vilela, R. P. B., & Jericó, M. D. C. (2019). Implementing technologies to prevent medication errors at a high-complexity hospital: analysis of cost and results. Einstein (São Paulo), 17(4).
Wolvaardt, E. (2019). Blame does not keep patients safe. Community Eye Health. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6802475/