NURS FPX 4060 assessment 4 Health Promotion Plan Presentation

NURS FPX 4060 assessment 4 Health Promotion Plan Presentation

Teenage pregnancy in the United States

 

 In the United States, teen pregnancy is a problematic issue. For instance, in 2017, the number of teenage pregnancies was more than 200,00 thousand. In the same year, this number of pregnancies was spread among women aged between 15-19. According to the WHO report of 2021, the number of teenage pregnancies recorded in the US is higher than in any other developed nation, raising concerns.

 

The disparity in the American teenage pregnancy issue

  According to the CDC 2020, in the US, Indian / Alaska teens recorded the highest number of teen pregnancies in the United States w of 32% of the entire recorded teen pregnancy in the United States. The Hispanic teens recorded the second-highest number of teen pregnancies in the United States, with 29% of the entire population of pregnant teens in the US. The teenagers of African American descent recorded the third-highest number of teenage pregnancies in the US, 28% of the total teen pregnancies in the United States. The remaining percentage of pregnancies was shared among other races in the US. Thus, based on this data, it is evident that certain factors impact the high number of teen pregnancies recorded by the three leading ethnic growths in the United States.

 

The significance of preventing teen pregnancies

  Teenage pregnancy adversely affects schooling among the teenage population. Once a teenager gets pregnant, there are high chances that she will discontinue school, contributing to high school dropout among the teenage population. Dropping out of school by the teenagers also affects economic wellbeing due to lack of education that would enable them to secure employment or any economic growth that depends on education. According to Caffe et al. (2017), 90% of the teens that complete their education do not get pregnant. However, pregnant teenagers make up 50% of the teens that drop out of school every year. The dropping out of school by 50% is due to the demanding parenting duties that compel them to drop out of school without the assistance of their families. Other teenagers also drop out of school due to the stigma associated with getting pregnant as a teenager. As a result, they decide to discontinue school to avoid backlash from fellow students and other members of society that have a negative perception of teen pregnancies. 

  According to a report by WHO (2021), teenage pregnancy has a negative impact on the health wellbeing of teens. The report shows that teen motherhood reduces the quality of life for teenagers and their children compared to the population of mothers above teenage. According to a study by Fuller et al. (2018), the efforts to reduce the number of teenage pregnancies in the US resulted in saving $4.4 billion in one year. In other words, teenage pregnancy has a negative impact on the resources of any country. The campaigns prevent teenage pregnancy and efforts from providing care and other healthcare needs contribute to the high number of revenues caused by teenage pregnancy in the US.

 

Healthy People 2022 Goals

  The Healthy People 2022 identified a lack of parental guidance and efforts by the learning institutions to assist vulnerable teenagers in preventing teenage pregnancy. Therefore, the first goal is to adopt preventive measures such as psychological interventions to change the behavior of teenagers to prevent them from being victims of teenage pregnancy. The preventive measure also emphasizes teenagers to use contraceptives in case they must engage in romantic and sexual intercourse with their partners. The Healthy People 2022 also seeks to enable teenagers to adopt preventive measures to prevent contracting sexually transmitted infections. Promotion of optimal balance of intellectual, emotional, spiritual, and social and physical learning experience also enhances skills, motivation, and awareness of the positive health practices. As a result, it reduces behaviors that lead to teenage pregnancy in the adolescent population (Juras et al.,2019). For instance, sports and other recreational activities prevent teenagers’ involvement in the behaviors and activities that contribute to teenage pregnancy and related activities. Such engagements also contribute to a positive behavior change that prevents the rising number of teenage pregnancies among the teenage population.

 

Negative impacts of teen pregnancy

 Teenage pregnancy occurs due to the teenagers’ reckless sexual behaviors. The use of drugs and substance abuse also contributes to recklessness of teenagers in relations to sexual behaviors. Unknown to the teenagers, irresponsible sexual behaviors result in teen pregnancy. Teen pregnancy has health and economic impact on teenagers. For instance, teen pregnancy increases chances of discontinuing studies. As a results, it impacts the teens economic wellbeing. Also, it increases health risks to the teenage population. For instance, teen pregnancy may lead to birth complications or other health conditions. 

 

How to prevent teen pregnancy

  • Abstain
  • Avoid taking drugs
  • Use protection during sexual intercourse 
  • Use other interventions for preventing teenage pregnancy such as contraceptive. 

 

SMART goals

 

Specific 

Measurable 

Achievable 

Relevant 

Time Bound 

Educating teens to change their behaviors and to adopt measures and interventions to prevent unwanted pregnancy 

Using questionnaires to test whether the teens have adopted the measures 

The goal is achieved when teens adopt interventions and measures to prevent teen pregnancy 

This will prevent teen pregnancies.

Behavior change expected within two days 

Create health and economic awareness about the impacts of teen pregnancy 

Using questionnaire 

The goal is achievable when teens are aware of the economic and health impacts of teen pregnancy 

This will prevent reckless sexual behaviors by teens and prevent teen pregnancy 

The teen behavior change expected within two days 

Teaching teens about drugs and substance abuse and their impacts to reckless behaviors. 

Measured using questionnaire 

Achievable when teens stop taking drugs and substances 

Prevent teens reckless behaviors 

The program will take two days 



 

Social Justice in Community Health Interventions 

  Due to the diverse nature of teenage pregnancy as a problematic issue in the United States, addressing it equitably will resolve the disparity reflected in data. Adopting the holistic and diverse interventions will also ensure all the affected teenagers, regardless of their race or ethnicity assisted and guided to the path of preventing vulnerability to teenage pregnancy. Adopting a collaborative approach will enable healthcare practitioners to liaise with the relevant institutions to prevent teenage pregnancy in the USA. Creating a supportive environment by providing support and resources to teenagers and creating awareness about the negative impacts of teenage pregnancy will also reduce the number of teen pregnancies.

 

Teenage Pregnancy Prevention Strategies 

  Since teenagers spend most of their time in school and with peers, adopting school-based interventions will reduce the rise in the cases of teenage pregnancy. Adopting sex education and counseling teenagers by psychological experts in collaboration with the learning institutions is also another effective approach to prevent teen pregnancies. Promoting abstinence-only programs among teenagers enable teens to adopt interpersonal approaches to preventing teenage pregnancies. Adopting social and psychological interventions to enhance teens’ social and psychological orientation to prevent cases of teen pregnancies. 

 

Improving Health Promotion Activities 

  Since teenage pregnancy is an issue that involves diverse groups, the adoption of a diverse intervention for health promotion programs will ensure all the affected teenagers benefit from the program. Achieving Healthy People 2022 goals will also require adequate reviewing of the health promotion program to ensure it positively impacts teenagers and prevents the rise in teenage pregnancy cases. Through interdisciplinary and collaborative approaches, health promotions will positively impact the teenage population.

 

Teenage Pregnancy Health Promotion Sessions

  The sessions will adopt a multidisciplinary and collaborative approach to serve the diverse needs of the teenage population affected by teenage pregnancy. The sessions will be conducted based on identifying the teenage populations that are vulnerable to teenage pregnancy risks. The sessions will also emphasize the cultural competency of the experts to prevent the violation of culture in providing interventions for the rising cases of teenage pregnancy. The programs will also choose the dates and times that will favor high attendance by the affected groups of teenagers. The convenience of the program for the targeted population will determine the number of sessions and the time they will be hosted. The program will also adopt a holistic approach to enhance its impact on a diverse group of teenagers. 

 

Evaluation of the Sessions Outcomes 

 Setting short-term goals will enable the program facilitators to measure its effectiveness in achieving its primary objectives. The program will also adopt the evaluation tools to ensure that the activities are achieving the intended goals and objectives. The evolution tools will also be used to evaluate activities and strategies to measure their effectiveness and relevance in achieving the project’s goal. Observation will also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of the project. 

References 

Adolescent pregnancy. (2021). WHO | World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/adolescent-pregnancy

Caffe, S., Plesons, M., Camacho, A. V., Brumana, L., Abdool, S. N., Huaynoca, S., … & Chandra-Mouli, V. (2017). Looking back and moving forward: can we accelerate progress on adolescent pregnancy in the Americas?. Reproductive Health, 14(1), 1-8.

CDC. (2020). Products – data briefs – number 366 – May 2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db366.htm

Fuller, Taleria R., Carla P. White, Jocelyn Chu, Deborah Dean, Naomi Clemmons, Carmen Chaparro, Jessica L. Thames, Anitra Belle Henderson, and Pebbles King. “Social determinants and teen pregnancy prevention: exploring the role of nontraditional partnerships.” Health promotion practice 19, no. 1 (2018): 23-30.

Journal of public health, 109(4), e1-e8.

Juras, R., Tanner-Smith, E., Kelsey, M., Lipsey, M., & Layzer, J. (2019). Adolescent

pregnancy prevention: Meta-analysis of federally funded program evaluations. American

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