NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan NR

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan NR

Disaster Recovery Plan

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 3 Disaster Recovery Plan NR

Dear fellows and colleagues, I hope you are all great! My name is Navinthran Ramasamy, and today my agenda is to discuss the disaster recovery plan needed for Vila Health Hospital to improve the nursing standards and quality of care. Since disasters have been happening for several years in addition to the pandemic COVID-19, the staff, patients, and nurses had sustained injuries in our organization, and we experienced significant data loss related to vital patients’ information. This disaster recovery plan aims to help the community members and staff ensure every individual’s safety by meeting the unique requirements. 

 How Cultural, Social, and Economic Barriers Impact Disaster Recovery Efforts

Natural disasters make more people vulnerable in the United States, with more people rushing towards urban areas. People come from different cultural backgrounds and ethnicities; culture is vital for making effective disaster recovery plans for Vila Hospital’s system. These factors may include the knowledge level, gender types, roles, and the values and norms they follow (Al Thibaut, 2019). Culture can impact society because of a lack of trust, impacting the management’s disaster recovery efforts. This shows that the cultural toolkit must be prepared to incorporate cultural elements in society. 

Moreover, social justice is another vital factor in fairly and equally distributing resources in the healthcare organization. Nurses can use availability modeling to raise the education of social equality to help all patients receive equitable resources. Therefore, these social and cultural barriers are interrelated, impacting the DRP. Since many community members lost their lives in hurricanes and floods, the lack of knowledge of managing the disaster is crucial. More social barriers include lack of resources and nurses’ preparedness for mitigating catastrophe risks. That impacts the communication of nurses and professionals in the proper mobilization of resources. This means that the resilience level of the community must be increased with the right disaster management strategies to collectively make good decisions (Al-Hajj et al., 2020). Therefore, barriers such as the coordination gap between planning agencies, different interests and goals of nurses and planners, and weak collaboration mechanisms can impact the quality of service. Moreover, some nurses also neglect patients’ complaints and find it hard to properly manage disaster recovery information.  

Health Disparities and Improvement of Access to Community Services.

The complex environments in the healthcare industry require nurses to balance human rights and ensure equal access to facilities and resources to help out the hurt individuals during disasters. Unfortunately, several ethical issues lurk during a catastrophe, complicate the disaster recovery plans and raise conflicts. For example, the worst situation was created in Vila Hospital when during the pandemic outbreak, the nurses had to check the patients’ temperature daily and were not able to provide proper attention to all in-house patients who also suffered from a financial crisis. Nurses can make a good plan to lessen the disparities of such patients at Vila Health Facility by preparing a disaster recovery plan. This plan can be made robust by understanding patients’ needs and devising strategies of risks before, during, and after the disasters (Al-Hajj et al., 2020).  

The DRP will help reduce the patients’ recovery time and improve their treatment quickly while empowering nurses to avoid and prevent legal liabilities and enhance the security of patients. The plan will enhance nurses’ decision efficiency and help Vila Hospital safeguard and protect sensitive patient data via backups. Therefore, as a result, the plan will help patients have better access to community services and prevent medical or medication, or drug administration errors (Alshammari et al., 2018). 

How Health and Governmental Policy Impact Disaster Recovery Efforts

In this DRP, I would like to mention the mammoth role of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act. Moreover, the second policy is the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000. These policies have helped nursing staff understand the correct procedures to enhance funding; the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 also equips nurses and planning team members with guidelines on how to collaborate effectively during a crisis. Their coordination can mitigate disaster risks and raise their understanding of the complexity, size, and location of the disaster incidents in the future (Bogdanov et al., 2020)

Moreover, the government’s policies will also help management follow a systematic guideline that will allow them to form a scalable plan for streamlining different operations during a disaster. Here, the most important legislation is the Healthy People 2030 goals which clearly emphasize the need for communities to prepare in advance for disasters. This means that following the rules of the 2030 goals will boost a community’s disaster preparedness and allow them to respond proficiently (Kularatne et al., 2021). Furthermore, the Disaster Recovery Reform Act (DRRA) of 2018 also allowed the government to help professionals during disasters by improving their ability to mitigate disasters effectively. The better methodology provided for mitigating disaster risks is admirable. 

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is another worth-mentioning legislation here that helps to enhance the outcomes of hospitals through incorporating Healthy People 2030 goals into their strategies and focusing on planning to deal with calamities and emergencies. This goal will allow the hospital to increase their cancer patient nurses and doctors for better interventions and reduce costs and re-admissions.   

  Evidence-Based Strategies for Overcoming Communication Barriers and Enhance Inter-professional Collaboration

Many researchers have emphasized the role of communication and collaboration between nurses, healthcare officers, and patients during calamities to improve their disaster mitigation strategies. Prakash‘s (2019) research states that disaster planning includes vital information sharing between stakeholders and nurses who have a massive responsibility to support each other. Effective communication includes forming intentions that help nurses deeply collaborate with their patients under surveillance during disasters; nurses must use clear and transparent language and learn multiple languages to communicate with patients effectively. Moreover, Sasaki’s (2020) study states that communication must improve by following the principle of acknowledging the emotional response of individuals and stakeholders in the planning process and those affected by the disaster. After a disaster, the rehabilitation process can quickly start if everyone understands each other well and listens to each other with an open mind instead of arguing. Therefore, the best communication strategy is to enhance listening skills through listening training and education.

Disaster Recovery Framework

MAP-IT Approach

MAP-IT is a five-phase framework that is the most sophisticated approach a hospital uses and starts with mobilizing. 


Mobilizing is the first step that involves seeking assistance from individuals, groups, or organizations that help the hospital bring the required social change. This can happen when Vila Hospital involves government organizations and NGOs to plan specific issues related to natural disasters (Tang et al., 2018). 


The second step is assessing the needs, which includes discovering the number of people affected and the resources required for the coalition groups to work together with different technologies, expertise, knowledge levels, and skills. This will include gaining an expert opinion of these stakeholders. 


The planning step is crucial for setting clear deadlines and goals to achieve community improvement goals. Responsibilities are assigned to nurses and coalition members to work as a team. The planning process also incorporates 2020 objectives and goals for Vila Health Hospital (Wax, 2019)


The implementation stage is vital after planning that requires collation members to begin the actual plan and strategy to meet specific guidelines. This process involves preparing reports per week to ensure the proper implementation of interventions. The publicity of actionable interventions is also done in this phase to enhance collaborative meetings in Vila health Hospital to assess needs.  


The final phase of this framework is the tracking phase that involves tracking the progress of the disaster recovery plan for a given period. The hospital management can also collaborate with people like a local university or a State Centre to ensure data is tracked effectively. The management evaluates the plan’s progress and whether the goals are SMART or unattainable.  

Disaster Management Plan

The FEMA and other legislations guide the management to improve their infrastructure with the following interventions and secure vital medical information.

Data Backup Plan 

The data of sensitive nature is vital for nurses and physicians at certain times. This data backup plan or strategy is a robust, actionable step to moving or migrating patient data from in-house physical systems to store that on cloud-based virtual servers. This plan involves using ransomware to restore entire websites and recover without hurdles. Moreover, databases storage and restoration are also planned through using more VM applications and performing failover tests (Wax, 2019). 

HIPPA Compliance for Disaster Recovery 

The Vila management will restore any data after the loss if the backup is stored on virtual cloud servers. The IT managers should adhere to HIPPA rules to ensure data privacy and security at all times. 

Physical Data Centres and Virtual Servers 

The data will be transferred from physical databases to virtual and cloud-based servers and databases. The secondary storage data centers are found closer to the organization’s current location and help secure the data virtually. 

Mitigation from Paper Files to Electronic Records 

No data should be stored manually on registers and notebooks using pens and pencils in Vila Health Hospital. According to FEMA and other government guidelines, the new strategy is to use complete Electronic Health Records (EHR) tools to improve the data migration electronically and eliminate the need for paper-based environments (Sasaki, 2020). 


Al Thobaity, A., Alamri, S., Plummer, V., & Williams, B. (2019). Exploring the necessary disaster plan components in Saudi Arabian hospitals. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction41, 101316.

Al-Hajj, S., Abou-El-Hassan, H., Khalil, L., Kaafarani, H., & El Sayed, M. (2020). Hospital disaster and emergency preparedness (HDEP) in Lebanon: a comprehensive national assessment. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 101889.

Alshammari, M. M., Alwan, A. A., Nordin, A., & Abualkishik, A. Z. (2018). Disaster recovery with minimum replica plan for reliability checking in multi-cloud. Procedia computer science130, 247-254.

Bogdanov, A., Degtyarev, A., Shchegoleva, N., Korkhov, V., & Khvatov, V. (2020). Big Data Virtualization: Why and How?. In CEUR Workshop Proceedings (2679) (pp. 11-21).

Kularatne, W. D. M., Hasalanka, H. H. H., Siriwardana, C. S. A., Rathnayake, W. K. D., & Fonseka, H. T. V. (2021). Conceptual Compilation of activity criteria during the post-disaster stage of a fire hazard in hospitals. In ICSECM 2019 (pp. 191-205). Springer, Singapore.

Prakash, S. (2019). Role of virtualization techniques in a cloud computing environment. In Advances in Computer Communication and Computational Sciences (pp. 439-450). Springer, Singapore.

Sasaki, H., Maruya, H., Abe, Y., Fujita, M., Furukawa, H., Fuda, M., … & Egawa, S. (2020). Scoping review of hospital business continuity plans to validate the improvement after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine251(3), 147-159.

Tang, C. J., Zhou, W. T., Chan, S. W. C., & Liaw, S. Y. (2018). Interprofessional collaboration between junior doctors and nurses in the general ward setting: A qualitative exploratory study. Journal of Nursing Management26(1), 11-18.

Wax, R. S. (2019). Preparing the intensive care unit for disaster. Critical Care Clinics35(4), 551-562.

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