NURS FPX 4040 Assessment 2 Protected Health Information (PHI): Privacy Security and Confidentiality Best Practices NR
Assessment 2: Privacy and Security of Sensitive Patient Information through Laws
Protected Health Information PHI Laws for Privacy of Electronic Information
The knowledge of privacy, security, and confidentiality of patients’ information in healthcare settings is utmost and their violations can result in lower patient care outcomes. The use of the PHI is vital in healthcare organizations that make them accountable for use of sensitive information of patients and their background or treatments. Different regulatory and government organizations promote the security of patient information in the United States by ensuring the use of electronic health records (EHR), enforcing health insurance policies, and adhering to HIPPA laws (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Bodie, 2021). With the advent of social media platforms and technological advancements, it is easy to leak or lose sensitive patient care data or private information to third parties and unauthorized officials. For example, nurses often use social media pages and chat with their friends and colleagues on Face book and Integra related to their patients. These social media activities can result in using public computers being hacked and loss of private information. This hazard calls for a plan to mitigate risks t loose patients’ vital information and ensuring HIPPA laws to safeguard it correctly.
The HIPPA is the most important and foremost legislation in the United States to ensure rules to govern the nurses’ behavior related to security, confidentiality, and safety of information. HIPPA suggests that nurses should provide basic rights of patients and treat them like human beings to enhance the effectiveness of healthcare organizations. Not following HIPPA rules in America can have adverse ramifications on the patient care outcomes (Lee, 2021). Hence, using HIPPA rules, nurses can gain more control over their ethical processes to control breaches of information laws; HIPPA is very effective since the 1990s because it has allowed nurses to safeguard the rights of their patients and protects their information from getting misused. Since HIPPA also apply civil penalties to individuals who fail to meet its guidelines, it aims to safeguard all private information in America.
Importance of Interdisciplinary Collaboration for Protecting Sensitive Information
Nurses have a responsibility to focus on interdisciplinary collaboration as a vital tool to effectively protect patients’ vital information. In hospitals, management may require the private information of patients anytime in order to make the best treatment decisions. Using effective collaboration and speaking their thoughts on time can help nurses to adhere to PHI laws and protect the financial information and interests of patients. All American states are benefitting from HIPPA laws since 1996; these rules must be followed strictly by the nurses and professionals at all times. This argument is also backed by the study of Choi (2021) which states that HIPPA is extremely useful for protecting the security, rights, and private information of patients in American organizations to help them regain more control over their lives. Hence, nurses must find ways to mitigate risks to avoid breach of HIPPA laws.
Since social media can harm the interests of patients through privacy breaches and posting sensitive information on Twitter or Face book by nurses, the study by Vaishnav (2021) explains how social media impacts the breach of privacy laws in the US and why nurses are involved in such non-serious allegations. For example, some nurses may post negative comments about their patients and superiors on social media which may hurt their own reputation. This is why HIPPA advises them to refrain from posting patient care decisions or medication choices on social media.
Approaches to Mitigate Risks to Protected Information
Due to improper attitude of nurses to breach private information on social media, they often face consequences of losing their jobs and bearing heavy fines. This is why evidence-based strategies must be applied to mitigate risks to safeguard patients’ information. For example, the risks for posting on social media must be mitigated by adopting viable IT policies that adhere to HIPPA rules and laws to protect patients’ information. Moreover, the penalties must be made compulsory part of organizations’ policy to enhance the level of information safety and confidentiality. This strategy to mitigate risks will allow nurses to fear demotions or suspensions and focus more on following HIPPA rules and laws. Similarly, the information technology directors and managers must devise policies that include giving restricted access to public systems and no unauthorized personnel should be allowed to access these systems with sensitive patient data. This strategy includes keeping and updating stronger passwords and sending data through encrypted email clients.
Staff Updates for Nurses to Ensure Information Safety and Security
- The healthcare managers must devise an evidence-based strategy for nurses and administrators not to post or reveal any patient care information through images and videos on social media platforms, groups, and accounts (Vaishnav et al., 2021). Moreover, they should not be allowed to take operation images of patients and put them on the Internet. Smartphone’s must be switched off during operations.
- Nurses can breach an information security and confidentiality rule of HIPPA easily; which is why to enforce these rules, managers must make policies to stop them from illegal posting of images on social media by incorporating fines up to $200,000 or ten years in prison.
- Our organization must enforce and apply the policy or using stronger and numeric and special character passwords on publicly used computers that can be accessed by a nurse. This will help nurses to safeguard patient data on computers to restrict access without a strong password.
Bodie, M. T. (2021). HIPPA. Cardozo Law Review de• novo, forthcoming, 2022.
Choi, Y. B., & Williams, C. E. (2021). A HIPAA security and privacy compliance audit and risk assessment mitigation approach. International Journal of Cyber Research and Education (IJCRE), 3(2), 28-45.
Lee, T. F., Chang, I. P., & Kung, T. S. (2021). Blockchain-Based Healthcare Information Preservation Using Extended Chaotic Maps for HIPAA Privacy/Security Regulations. Applied Sciences, 11(22), 10576.
Vaishnav, R., Panditi, M. D. D., Dhiman, V., Aarthy, C. C. J., Kumari, Y. S., & Mohiddin, M. K. (2021). Data security in healthcare management analysis and future prospects. Materials Today: Proceedings.