NRP 511 Week 5 Understanding the Role of Antibiotics

NRP 511 Week 5 Understanding the Role of Antibiotics

Understanding the Role of Antibiotics

Patient A

After a few days of sneezing, coughing, and having a headache, 14-year-old Patient A came to your clinic with his mother. You decide it is logical viral sinusitis. His mother wants you to give him an antibiotic right away. What training could you give to the patient and parent?

According to Pappas (2021), the common cold is an acute, self-limiting viral infection of the upper respiratory system that causes, among other symptoms, sneezing, coughing, and headache. In addition to the mother’s request for antibiotics following the diagnosis of viral sinusitis, it is essential to provide education regarding the condition and its treatment.

The mother needs to know the difference between bacterial and viral infections, as well as how and why antibiotics are used in each case. Germs include viruses and bacteria. As a result, they are agents or very small microbes that can cause diseases. Despite the fact that viruses and bacteria share many similarities, they are both tiny) there are a few distinctions that recognize the two.

Carr (2006) states that sinusitis (sinus contamination) is quite possibly the most well-known disease in youngsters. An uncomplicated cold or upper respiratory infection caused by a virus that cannot be treated with antibiotics may be present in some children who have been diagnosed with acute sinusitis. Just when microorganisms cause contamination is anti-infection agents accommodating. 

NRP 511 Week 5 Understanding the Role of Antibiotics

The majority of sinus infections improve over time without antibiotics. Antibiotics can make germs in a child’s body resistant, making it harder to treat infections in the future, and they frequently cause side effects like diarrhea or allergic reactions. Every time bacteria come into contact with antibiotics, there is a chance that they will mutate and become resistant to the drug. This will make these new germs even more difficult to treat and could make them even more dangerous.

Pappas (2021) further makes sense of that anti-microbials work by eliminating or incapacitating microorganisms – they affect infections. Taking over-the-counter cough and cold medications and resting to help your immune system fight the virus are much better options for relieving discomfort. Anti-microbials allude to a gathering of meds that have the capability of killing or repressing the development of bacterial organic entities. Anti-toxins are just utilized for the administration of bacterial diseases. 

Viral and contagious sicknesses answer ineffectively to anti-microbials. Therefore, it is essential to take into consideration the careful use of antibiotics to prevent a situation in which an antibiotic may be required and the immune system has developed resistance as a result of excessive use or use when it is not required. Before deciding whether antibiotics are needed, I think it would be best to observe them for a few days.

NRP 511 Week 5 Understanding the Role of Antibiotics

Antibiotics don’t work for colds and other viral illnesses, and they can make bacteria harder to kill. Antibiotics may no longer be effective against bacteria if they are taken too frequently or for the wrong reasons. This is called bacterial obstruction or anti-infection opposition. Some bacteria are now resistant to even the most potent antibiotics. After further examination, an antibiotic may be used if the patient does not improve after a week.


Carr, B. (2006). Efficacy, abuse, and toxicity of over-the-counter cough and cold medication in the pediatric population. Curr Opin Pediatr 2006: 18-184.

Pappas D. E. (2021). The Common Cold. Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 199–202.e1.

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