NHS FPX 8040 Assessment 1 Project Charter Part 1
NHS FPX 8040 Assessment 1 Project Charter Part 1
Decreasing Mortality rates due to Skin Cancer In West Virginia University Hospital Through Early Prevention Strategies
In any hospital or healthcare facility, mortality rates can be caused by poor care, a pandemic, or untrained staff. Age, gender, diseases, hereditary factors, and access to medical care all affect mortality. There was a measurably critical expansion in the mortality rate in the US from 2019 to 2020. The number of resident deaths in the United States in 2020 was 3,383,800, more than in 2019 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). The death rate in West Virginia was 16600 per 100,000 people in 2022. The mortality rate increased by 3.84 percent annually in 2022 (The World Bank, 2022). Cancer will claim 609,400 lives in 2022, on average of 1,670 lives each day, with 1.9 million new cases diagnosed. The American Cancer Society estimates there will be 7870 estimated cancer cases and 2400 deaths per day in 2023 (American Cancer Society, 2020). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2019) states that making healthy choices, getting vaccinated, and getting regular screenings can lower a state’s risk of contracting many common types of cancer. One of the leading causes of death in West Virginia is cancer, which should be controlled by taking appropriate safety precautions. The goal is to reduce the estimated daily death toll from 2400 to 1000 by NHS FPX 8040 Assessment 1 Project Charter Part 1
According to Health and Human Resources (2022), skin cancer affects 7% of the adult population in West Virginia. Healthcare organizations must put more effort into the prevention of the disease because the majority of the population is unaware of the consequences of skin cancer. There are gaps in healthcare services related to skin cancer treatment, as the population is not completely acknowledged of the disease, and new staff is not experienced enough to cope with the adverse effects of a disease that later leads to death. The mortality rates are getting increased due, to it is necessary for the staff to learn about prevention measures (Aggarwal et al., 2021).
Skin cancer can be effectively prevented by avoiding excessive exposure, applying sunscreen with a sun protection factor of more than 15 regularly, and wearing protective clothing (World Health Organization, 2019). According to the National Cancer Institute (2022), approximately 22% of all cancer patients mostly have skin cancer. Dermatologists also recommend that skin cancer patients add multiple antioxidants to their diet to prevent the disease. Reducing the number of people dying from cancer can be aided by programs encouraging healthy eating, quitting smoking, and increasing physical activity. New treatments, vaccines, and screening procedures can all potentially reduce cancer deaths. Since it is desired to be 1000 from 2400, the quantifiable difference or gap between the current and desired states is 1400. It is necessary to evaluate the current circumstance to carry out a gap analysis. The goal state is then identified, and the chasm between the two is highlighted. The gaps can then be filled with an action plan. Various surveys and synopsis can be done to identify the gaps. Apart from that, questionnaires and assessments will also play a major role in identifying the gaps. Productivity will decrease as the death rate rises. A nation’s economic situation is also affected by mortality and morbidity.
Methods used to identify the Gap
Implications/Relevance to Identified Population
Increase in mortality rates due to skin cancer (7%)
Patients do not have enough knowledge about the disease and its consequences
The staff is not well-trained
Reducing the number of deaths due to skin cancer (less than 5%)
Increasing awareness of patients regarding skin cancer prevention strategies
The identified gap is 2%
Improvements needed to be made through staff training and increasing awareness about prevention strategies
Questionnaires, Assessments, Synopses, and Surveys
Campaigns to increase patient knowledge about skin cancer and lifestyle modifications.
Learning sessions for the healthcare staff in the oncology department
Life span will be increased.
Deaths caused due to skin cancer will be decreased.
Evidence to Support the Need
Dietz et al. (2020) state that cancer treatment aims to reduce cancer patients’ deaths and allow them to live everyday lives. Depending on the circumstances, this might or might not be possible. A “Priority” classification for cancer patients was developed across disciplines after extensive multidisciplinary teleconference discussions and a literature review. The severity of each patient’s condition was used to determine priority categories. As a result, mortality rates decreased, and the number of cancer patients decreased.
Between 2015 and 2019, the risk of dying from cancer decreased by approximately 2% annually, compared to 1% annually in the 1990s. The power of screening tests, early diagnosis, and treatment have the overall capacity to reduce skin cancer mortality rates (American Cancer Society, 2022a).
The increased mortality rates in the west Virginia population due to skin cancer have become a major concern for healthcare providers. It can be resolved through different educational and secondary prevention strategies, such as awareness campaigns on certain types of cancers, primary prevention strategies of lifestyle and dietary modifications, and a focus on genetics and precision oncology. It will have a positive impact on patient outcomes and will result in high-quality care.
The aims and objectives known as SMART goals can be used to assist cancer patients and healthcare providers in making necessary adjustments. The ambition and objectives should be relevant, precise, measurable, and faultless. Some recommendations for SMART goals that could lower cancer mortality rates are listed below.
Specific: The target population is skin cancer patients in West Virginia hospitals. Individuals prone to skin cancer and diseases will be specifically targeted. As a result of the project, there will be a progression in the betterment of the health of skin cancer patients. The death rate of the patients will decrease as it is currently at 7% and constantly increasing. Additionally, the aim of the project for the rest of the population is to spread awareness about the disease, and it will result in a lower percentage of skin cancer patients in the future.
Measurable: The number of deaths caused due to cancer will be observed monthly using EHR or surveys. The data relating to skin care patients will be stored in the healthcare records of the oncology department that can be taken accessed by the authorities.
Achievable: This objective is realistic and can be accomplished by professionals collaborating with other healthcare staff to ensure easy access to screening test tools and other strategies.
Relevance: The suggested interventions are relevant to the issue of increased mortality rates. The aim is to bring positive health-related outcomes. These interventions will result in positive outcomes and the project’s success by educating the patients and training staff to increase their expertise.
Time-bound: The goal will be accomplished in one year. It will start in 2023 and end in 2024.
NHS FPX 8040 Assessment 1 Project Charter Part 1
Treatments and interventions for cancer can help lower the annual death toll. Additionally, these goals will contribute to an increase in a healthy and flourishing population. Additionally, it is anticipated that 2400 people will die from cancer each day by 2023 in West Virginia.
The purpose of the project is to encourage healthcare workers at West Virginia University Hospital to put in more effort to reduce mortality rates in patients. The aim of the project is to reduce the skin cancer rate from 7% to 5% from the year 2023 to 2024 by implementing prevention and early detection strategies along with training healthcare workers.
The emphasis will be placed on the role that everyone can play in ensuring that every skin cancer patient receives equal treatment without bias. This can be done by collaborating with interdisciplinary staff, medical professionals, and the community. The healthcare professionals will offer the patients prompt and effective treatment. The goal of the project is to lower the mortality rate in skin cancer patients. The aim of the organization for skin cancer patients is to reduce their death rates by educating them and giving training to the staff that will help them to deliver appropriate services. Healthcare organizations in West Virginia aim to provide care to patients without discrimination and prevent them from adverse side effects of the disease.
To achieve the objectives, this entire procedure will take approximately one year.
The following precise objectives and other tested interventions will determine the patient’s timetable. Proof of setting goals for the entire procedure to lower cancer patient mortality rates can be found here.
Two months of Planning and Preparation
According to research by Corso et al. (2023), it was evaluated that primary prevention strategies focusing on educational campaigns and secondary prevention strategies, including screening and early detection, are useful in cancer prevention.
Six months for evaluation of the goal
The change will occur in West Virginia hospitals where patients are admitted with chronic conditions and who are at risk. It is essential to know that this plan can be changed if any changes are needed according to the circumstances. The authorities should keep in mind that the process should be flexible enough to be adopted by healthcare staff and patients.
Aggarwal, P., Knabel, P., & Fleischer, A. B. (2021). United States burden of melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer from 1990 to 2019. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 85(2), 388–395. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2021.03.109
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American Cancer Society. (2022b, January 12). 2022 Cancer Facts & Figures Cancer | Cancer Death Rate Drops. Www.cancer.org. https://www.cancer.org/latest-news/facts-and-figures-2022.html#:~:text=Cancer%20continues%20to%20be%20the
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Dietz, J. R., Moran, M. S., Isakoff, S. J., Kurtzman, S. H., Willey, S. C., Burstein, H. J., Bleicher, R. J., Lyons, J. A., Sarantou, T., Baron, P. L., Stevens, R. E., Boolbol, S. K., Anderson, B. O., Shulman, L. N., Gradishar, W. J., Monticciolo, D. L., Plecha, D. M., Nelson, H., & Yao, K. A. (2020). Recommendations for prioritization, treatment, and triage of breast cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 181(3), 487–497. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-020-05644-z
Health and Human Resources. (2022). West Virginia Cancer Statistics. Dhhr.wv.gov. https://dhhr.wv.gov/hpcd/FocusAreas/wvcancer/Pages/WV-Cancer-Statistics.aspx#:~:text=Approximately%207.1%25%20of%20West%20Virginia
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Corso, G., Janssens, J. Ph., & La Vecchia, C. (2023). Cancer prevention: innovative strategies in the role of the European Cancer Prevention Organization. European Journal of Cancer Prevention, Publish Ahead of Print. https://doi.org/10.1097/cej.0000000000000782
National Cancer Institute. (2022). State Cancer Profiles > Quick Profiles. Statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov. https://statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov/quick-profiles/index.php?statename=westvirginia
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