BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 3 Homework: Urinary Lab

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 3 Homework: Urinary Lab

Homework: Urinary Lab

The results of a urinalysis, a basic diagnostic procedure, can provide information about many issues of health with just a single sample of urine. Urinalysis tests are frequently used in the screening, monitoring, and diagnosis of health disorders, including infections of the urinary system, by medical professionals. Urinalysis findings for 2 patients will be analyzed in this assessment after being obtained through routine examination. The results of urinalysis testing can be used to diagnose a wide range of medical issues, such as diabetes and UTIs (Milani & Jialal, 2021). Get BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 3 Homework: Urinary Lab

Purpose and Importance of the Urinalysis

Urinalysis or urine test is significantly used to treat or diagnose different consequent conditions, including diabetes, renal problems, and alarming infections of the urinary tract. However, examining the consistency, color, and urine composition is what a urinalysis means. Infections in the urinary tract, for instance, might alter the appearance of urine so that it is not transparent. Urinalysis is integral to a regular physical examination since it can detect treatable conditions such as infections and renal issues.

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 3 Homework: Urinary Lab

Kidney disease, diabetes, and liver disease are just some of the significant illnesses that can be detected in their earliest stages with their help. In addition, the doctor can learn a lot from a simple urinalysis. Results from a regular urinalysis can be used to diagnose a wide variety of diseases and disorders, including diabetes, UTIs, and kidney disease. An everyday urinalysis is a common element of a comprehensive physical (Kucukgergin et al., 2019).

Consequences of Not Doing Urinalysis

Urinalysis should be a necessary component of all normal checkup exams; failure to do so could result in an incorrect diagnosis. It is possible that disorders including diabetes, kidney problems, high blood pressure, and heart failure would go undetected if a urine study were not undertaken (Kucukgergin et al., 2019).

Diabetes and the Difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Increased blood glucose levels are the consequence of diabetes, a chronic metabolic disorder that has been linked to long-term complications, including cardiac disease, stroke, blindness, renal failure, and spinal cord compression. However, there are also two primary forms of diabetes, known as Type 1 as well as Type 2, respectively. Immune-mediated reactions cause type 1 diabetes, which typically strikes young adults. Time is a key factor in the progression of type 2 diabetes. Being not physically active and overweight are also risk factors. The main difference between both these types is that Type 1 diabetes happens when the pancreas cannot make enough insulin, whereas, in type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance develops, which creates abnormalities in blood glucose levels. Maintaining a healthy level of blood sugar and providing energy to the body requires insulin. Insulin is not available in tablet form and so cannot be taken orally.

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 3 Homework: Urinary Lab

In most cases, persons who have recently been confirmed with type 2 diabetes start out by modifying their diet and exercising, in addition to taking a diabetes prescription or tablet. Some persons with diabetes will eventually require insulin or some other injectable medicine since the levels of sugar in their blood cannot be controlled adequately by oral medication alone (Arneth et al., 2019).

Management of Each Type 

Type-1 diabetes is more uncommon and occurs when the body stops producing any insulin. Treatment with insulin is crucial for those with type 1 diabetes who struggle to maintain healthy blood sugar levels without it. However, despite the lack of definitive treatment for diabetes with type 2, research suggests that it may be reversible in some cases. Individuals may well be able to achieve and maintain normal levels of blood sugar through dietary changes as well as weight management (Arneth et al., 2019).

Why Blood May be Found in Urine

Gestational diabetes can cause weakness of the blood vessels of the urinary system, which can lead to the presence of blood in the urine. Also, cancer of the bladder or kidneys is just one of many urinary tract diseases that can cause blood in the urine. Renal, prostate, and urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that can affect the kidneys, bladder, or urethra. The presence of blood in a urine sample, even if it only occurs once, is a warning indication of a potentially catastrophic medical condition. It is important to see a doctor about bloody urine right away because ignoring it can make problems like cancer as well as renal failure (Stevens et al., 2019).

Relative Concern

Urinary tract infections are the most serious complication of blood contained in urine. The occurrence of hematuria, which is the presence of blood in the urine, is frequently attributed to the presence of bacterial infections in the urinary tract, which can result in inflammation and irritation of the tissues lining the bladder and urinary tract. As the kidneys, urinary bladder, and urinary system all make up the urinary tract, an infection in any of these organs is considered a UTI. There are certain distinct labels assigned to infections that affect the urinary tract. For instance, the medical terminology “cystitis” pertains specifically to the infection of the bladder, whereas “pyelonephritis” is a term that denotes an infection that affects the kidneys (Stevens et al., 2019).

The Condition that Would Explain the Patient’s Results

There were many white blood cells, a huge number of ketones, a considerable of protein, and a significant amount of glucose in Darlene’s urine. Diabetes may be the cause of all these symptoms. Diabetic kidney disease and the subsequent need for dialysis might develop if the disease is not properly controlled or detected. Analysis of Marcus’s urine revealed bacterial nitrates as well as leukocytes, suggesting a urinary tract infection. Marcus’s illness could worsen and spread through his bloodstream or increase the risk of developing damage or failure if not treated.BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 3 Homework: Urinary Lab

Urinalysis Results

1) Pateint Name: Darline 

Age: 35

Analysis of Urine Color Test Report: Normal urine color for Darlene is a pale to moderate yellow. The fact that she has to go to the bathroom so often suggests she may have a health problem unrelated to her bladder, such as diabetes or a bacterial infection of the urinary tract.

Analysis of Turbidity Test Report: The kidneys are working effectively to filter out any impurities from Darlene’s urine, which is why it is transparent. Her urine is less likely to be contaminated with pathogens and excessive minerals that can lead to serious diseases like diabetes.

2) Patient Name: Marcus

Age: 55

Analysis of Urine Color Test Report: Doctors know because Marcus has diabetes despite the fact that his urine is clear. The classic symptoms of diabetes include increased drinking and consumption, which may cause Marcus to urinate frequently and may also cause his urine to be white.

Analysis of Turbidity Test Report: The presence of sugar in Marcus’s cloudy urination may indicate that glucose impacts his kidneys. Perhaps this is the outcome of drugs or his excessive and unregulated blood sugar levels.


In conclusion, when it comes to diagnosing illness and keeping a close watch on general well-being, a urine test is crucial. Screening for urinary infections or medical conditions is a common aspect of many annual physicals. It is also used in the diagnosis and follow-up care of disorders like diabetes, renal failure, UTIs, and hypertension.


Arneth, B., Arneth, R., & Shams, M. (2019). Metabolomics of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(10), 2467. 

Kucukgergin, C., Ademoglu, E., Omer, B., & Genc, S. (2019). Performance of automated urine analyzers using flow cytometric and digital image-based technology in routine urinalysis. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, 79(7), 468–474. 

Queremel Milani, D. A., & Jialal, I. (2021). Urinalysis. PubMed; StatPearls Publishing.

Stevens, V. L., Hoover, E., Wang, Y., & Zanetti, K. A. (2019). Pre-analytical factors that affect metabolite stability in human urine, plasma, and serum: A review. Metabolites, 9(8), 156. 

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