BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 1 Homework: Cardiovascular System Lab

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 1 Homework: Cardiovascular System Lab

Homework: Cardiovascular System Lab

A patient’s heart function and blood pressure, two indicators of cardiovascular health, are constantly monitored in the function of the heart lab (Ikonomidis et al., 2019). This also accounts for the findings of the patient’s blood pressure fluctuations, as shown in the laboratory tests. This evaluation will take into account both low and high blood pressure. A normal heart rate and optimal heartbeats within 60 seconds will also be discussed. In addition, this assessment will also highlight the relationship between blood pressure and heart or pulse rate. Also, the outcomes of the cardiovascular laboratory tests and suggestions for how to use this information to improve daily life will be discussed in this assessment. Get BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 1 Homework: Cardiovascular System Lab

What is Blood Pressure

The heart pumps blood throughout the body at a certain force, and this force is determined by blood pressure. The force the blood exerts on the inside of the artery walls is known as hypertension or blood pressure. The arteries transport the blood the heart supplies to the rest of the body. An average of 120/80 mm Hg is considered healthy blood pressure. Regardless of age, regular activities can be taken to maintain a good blood pressure level. A reading of 130 over 80 for blood pressure indicates serious cause for concern. If the blood pressure is consistently over 140 over 90, the patient has stage 2 hypertension. Individuals should get immediate medical attention if they have blood pressure readings of 180 over 110 numerous times (Li et al., 2021).

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 1 Homework: Cardiovascular System Lab

What is Heart Rate

Heart rate significantly means the number of times a heart beats at an average rate of 60 seconds. The pulse rate is calculated by counting the number of beats in 15 seconds. To convert this to beats per minute, multiply it by four. The typical adult heart rate typically fluctuates between 60 and 100 bpm. Feeling the pulse rate is a good indicator of how often the heart is beating. A lower resting heart rate is a common indicator of improved heart health and cardiovascular fitness. In contrast, the average heart rate at rest of a highly trained athlete may be relatively close to 40 bpm. When the heart rate drops under 60 bpm or rises above 120 bpm, it is considered abnormal and may indicate a serious health problem (Rosalina et al., 2020).

Correlation between Heart Rate and Blood Pressure

When the heart rate is high, there is a high blood pressure rate, increasing the risk of hypertension. And in the hypertensive population, an increased heart rate leads to elevate the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease. One of the leading causes of death in the United States, persistent hypertension also increases the danger of developing cardiovascular disease. In addition, hypertension and other serious cardiovascular illnesses are risk factors for an increased heart rate. But besides these correlations, antihypertensive medication management often does not put a strong emphasis on heart rate. Heart rate also has a positive link with peripheral blood pressure but a negative correlation with central blood pressure. In some cases, the central blood pressure may not decrease to the same level as the peripheral blood pressure after taking antihypertensive drugs, especially those that impact heart rate. Researchers found a link between having high blood pressure and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease which leads to death (Mejía et al., 2021).

Cardiovascular Results in Patients and Improvement of Lifestyle Changes

  • Patient Name: Tanya

Blood Pressure Test Report: The monitor showed that Tanya’s blood pressure was 140 over 100. A measurement of 120 over 80 millimeters of mercury, sometimes known as 120/80, is considered to be normal. Stage II Hypertension has been confirmed as Tanya’s diagnosis.

Heart Rate Test Report: Tanya’s heart, according to the report, beats 13-14 times every 10 seconds. Tanya’s Heart rate while sitting was 80 bpm; after exercise the heart rate was 150 bpm, and after taking rest for 5 minutes the heart rate was 130 bpm. It was estimated that Tanya’s heart rate was typically between 66 and 72 beats per minute. Extremes in heart rate, either beyond 100 or below 60 beats per minute, are both causes for alarm.

  • Patient Name: Lorraine

Blood Pressure Test Report: According to Lorraine’s BP monitor, her readings are 115 over 75. Blood pressures around 115/75 mmHg have been shown to be associated with low rates of cardiac death in recent meta-analyses. BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 1 Homework: Cardiovascular System Lab

Heart Rate Test Report: Analyzing Caroline’s heart rate over 10 seconds reveals a frequency of 11-12 beats. This indicates that the pulse rate is currently at 72 beats per minute. The heart rate is below the normal range, yet it is not frightening because anything above 100 beats per minute is deemed dangerous.

Improvement of Lifestyle Changes

Exercising, eating healthily, progressive muscle relaxation, breathing exercises, enjoying entertainment, and spending with loved ones, have all been shown to relieve stress and decrease high blood pressure in numerous types of research. Furthermore, the DASH diet if strictly followed, can be an effective strategy for the management of hypertension. The DASH eating plan emphasizes the consumption of potassium, magnesium, and calcium-rich foods. This nutritional combination assists in maintaining healthy blood pressure (Chen et al., 2022). Besides this, the heart rate can be kept at a healthy level with regular exercise and a balanced diet. Improved heart fitness and efficiency have been linked to significant changes in diet. Vegetables, fruits, unprocessed foods, as well as whole grains should all play a prominent role in this diet pattern (Wink et al., 2021).


Having blood pressure readings continuously beyond the hypertensive threshold (120 over 90 mmHg) is considered high blood pressure. The optimal maximum heart rate varies from patient to patient, depending on how old individuals are. In addition, high blood pressure is a major health issue and a major cause of cardiovascular disease. However, effective lifestyle changes and precautionary measures help in controlling blood pressure and improving quality of life. 


Chen, D., Tang, J., Gong, T., Mu, L., Li, J., Yu, P., Wang, H., Bu, X., Mu, L., & Mei, Y. (2022). Short-term effects of modest salt reduction combined with DASH diet on changing salt eating habits in hypertensive patients with type II diabetes. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, 44(6), 514–522. 

Ikonomidis, I., Aboyans, V., Blacher, J., Brodmann, M., Brutsaert, D. L., Chirinos, J. A., De Carlo, M., Delgado, V., Lancellotti, P., Lekakis, J., Mohty, D., Nihoyannopoulos, P., Parissis, J., Rizzoni, D., Ruschitzka, F., Seferovic, P., Stabile, E., Tousoulis, D., Vinereanu, D., & Vlachopoulos, C. (2019). The role of ventricular–arterial coupling in cardiac disease and heart failure: Assessment, clinical implications and therapeutic interventions. European Journal of Heart Failure, 21(4), 402–424. 

Li, J., Somers, V. K., Gao, X., Chen, Z., Ju, J., Lin, Q., Mohamed, E. A., Karim, S., Xu, H., & Zhang, L. (2021). Evaluation of optimal diastolic blood pressure range among adults with treated systolic blood pressure less than 130 mm hg. JAMA Network Open, 4(2), e2037554. 

Mejía-Mejía, E., May, J. M., Elgendi, M., & Kyriacou, P. A. (2021). Differential effects of the blood pressure state on pulse rate variability and heart rate variability in critically ill patients. Npj Digital Medicine, 4(1).

Rosalina, Selina, G., & Mandala, R. (2020, December 1). Android-based heart-rate monitoring system using ECG Sensor. IEEE Xplore. 

Wink, G., Fransen, G., Huisman, M., Boersma, S., van Disseldorp, L., van der Velden, K., Wagemakers, A., & van den Muijsenbergh, M. (2021). “Improving health through reducing stress”: Parents’ priorities in the participatory development of a multilevel family health program in a low-income neighborhood in the Netherlands. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(15), 8145. 

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